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Disability in Relation to Different Peer-Victimization Groups and Psychosomatic Problems
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7872-5808
Karolinska institutet.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
2016 (English)In: Children & Schools, ISSN 1532-8759, E-ISSN 1545-682X, Vol. 38, no 3, 153-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between disability, victims, perpetrators, and so-called "bully-victims" (someone reporting being both a victim and a perpetrator) of traditional, cyber, or combined victimization or perpetration and psychosomatic health among adolescents. Authors analyzed cross-sectional data from 3,820 Swedish students (ages 13 through 15) using linear and multinomial regression. The results show that students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, involved in both traditional and cyber victimization. Authors did not find any differences between adolescents with a disability and others with respect to the association between peer victimization and psychosomatic health. When developing intervention programs, schools may take a comprehensive approach due to the relatively large overlap between traditional and cyber victimization. Targeting groups with known disadvantages may also help reach out to bully-victims.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 38, no 3, 153-161
Keyword [en]
adolescents; bully-victims; cyber victimization; peer victimization; psychosomatic health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38995DOI: 10.1093/cs/cdw022ISI: 000379764300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-38995DiVA: diva2:892784
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents, focusing on gender, psychosomatic problems, and disability, and to gain insight into health staff’s experience of bullying in schools.

The four studies in this thesis were based on surveys undertaken among 3,800 adolescents in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in Sweden, as well as focus groups of 16 people consisting of school social workers and school nurses.

While almost no gender differences were found among traditional victims, Study I showed that girls were more likely than boys to be cybervictims. Boys were more likely than girls to be traditional bullies, while girls were equally as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. Study II showed that psychosomatic problems were associated with being a victim, a bully or a bully-victim. Cyberbullying showed no stronger association with psychosomatic problems than traditional bullying. Study III: Three main categories emerged from school health staff’s experience: 1) “Anti-bullying team”; 2) “Working style”; and 3) “Perspectives on bullying”. The last two each comprised two sub-categories: “Team member”/“Single worker”; and “Contextual perspective”/“Individual-oriented perspective”. Study IV showed that, regardless of gender and grade, students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, bully-victims involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. No differences between disabled adolescents and others were found with respect to the association between bullying and psychosomatic health.

The results show that some adolescents are more likely to experience higher levels of psychosomatic health problems than others. They also show that some adolescents are more likely to be involved in bullying, either as victims, bullies or bully-victims. This thesis also discusses contextual and individual approaches adopted by schools in preventing bullying.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. 100 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:31
Keyword
adolescents, cyberbullying, bullying, school
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28613 (URN)978-91-7063-509-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-27, Rejmersalen (9C204), Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Article 4 was in manuscriptform at the time of the thesis defense.

Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-08-12 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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