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Prevention of heel pressure ulcers among older patients-from ambulance care to hospital discharge: A multi-centre randomized controlled trial
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9608-336X
Högskolan i Gävle.
Uppsala universitet.
Uppsala universitet.
2016 (English)In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 30, 170-175 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


The aim was to investigate the effect of an early intervention, a heel suspension device boot, on the incidence of heel pressure ulcers among older patients (aged 70+).

BackgroundPressure ulcers are a global healthcare issue; furthermore, the heel is an exposed location. Research indicates that preventive nursing interventions starting during the ambulance care and used across the acute care delivery chain are seldom used.

MethodsA multi-centre randomized control study design was used. Five ambulance stations, two emergency departments and 16 wards at two Swedish hospitals participated. Altogether, 183 patients were transferred by ambulance to the emergency department and were thereafter admitted to one of the participating wards.

ResultsSignificantly fewer patients in the intervention group (n=15 of 103; 14.6%) than the control group (n=24 of 80; 30%) developed heel pressure ulcers during their hospital stay (p=0.017).

ConclusionsPressure ulcer prevention should start early in the acute care delivery chain to increase patient safety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 30, 170-175 p.
Keyword [en]
Heel pressure ulcer, Prevention, Ambulance care, Emergency department, Acute care delivery chain, RCT
National Category
Research subject
Nursing Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38994DOI: 10.1016/j.apnr.2015.10.003ISI: 000375340300031OAI: diva2:892724
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-06-03Bibliographically approved

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