Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Associations between psychological factors and night-time/daytime symptomatology in insomnia
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. (CHAMP)
Psychology Department, Berkeley University.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2008-0784
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5359-0452
2012 (English)Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Cognitive models of insomnia underscore cognitive mechanisms as important in the maintenance of insomnia. The aim of this study was to examine psychological factors in insomnia and the association between psychological mechanisms with night-time and daytime symptoms.

Methods: In a cross-sectional examination, participants (n = 2327) from a randomly selected sample of the general population completed a survey on demographic parameters, night-time symptoms, daytime impairment, health outcomes, and psychological factors intended to index five cognitive processes (Harvey, 2002). Excluding those with a sleep disorder other than insomnia, the study sample consisted of 1890 participants.  

Results: Relative to poor and normal sleepers, the insomnia group scored higher on worry, beliefs, physiologic arousal, monitoring/attentional bias, and safety behaviours relative to the other two groups, and the poor sleepers exhibited a similar pattern relative to the normal sleepers. High total wake time was associated with more worry, physiologic arousal, and safety behaviours (26.3% variance), low sleep restoration with more worry, unhelpful beliefs, and monitoring/attentional bias (28.2% variance), and low sleep quality with higher scores on all the psychological mechanisms (35.8% variance). Elevated daytime symptoms were related to more unhelpful beliefs and monitoring/attentional bias (44.3% variance).

Conclusion: The findings show that psychological factors discriminate those with insomnia from those with poor or normal sleep. The results also indicate that psychological factors are linked to insomnia-specific night-time and daytime symptomatology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38371OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-38371DiVA: diva2:868870
Conference
21th Congress of the European Sleep Research Society, Paris, France, 4-8 September 2012
Available from: 2013-01-09 Created: 2015-11-12 Last updated: 2015-11-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Jansson-Fröjmark, MarkusNorell-Clarke, AnnikaLinton, Steven J.
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 83 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf