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Idrott för alla för alltid?: En idrottskolas betydelse för barns idrottsliv
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)In: European Journal for Sport and Society, ISSN 1613-8171Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this article we explore children’s experiences of a Sport for All Programme (SAP) in school. The purpose of the ‘Sport for All’ policy is to give children an opportunity to try different sports, with a focus on play and motor learning rather than organized competition. In this study, we approach children as active agents in constructing the SAP practice in line with the theoretical standpoint that children are competent social actors with agency. The study is based on repeated focus group interviews with 15 ten-year-old children (9 girls, 6 boys) participating in a SAP in the western part of Sweden. The children perceived the SAP as sessions with less emphasis on performance and without organized competitions; it was described as a ‘low threshold’ activity. However, the result showed that the SAP activity was not free from performance-oriented principles. The Sport for All pedagogy needs to consider and handle the consequences of competition principles, especially if the participating children and leaders have a performance ethos.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38343DOI: 10.1080/16138171.2016.1183943OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-38343DiVA: diva2:867969
Available from: 2015-11-08 Created: 2015-11-08 Last updated: 2016-07-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. ”Det är halvidrott, kanske lite mer än halvidrott”: Idrottsskolan som en praktik för formandet av idrottsbarndomar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Det är halvidrott, kanske lite mer än halvidrott”: Idrottsskolan som en praktik för formandet av idrottsbarndomar
2015 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
“It’s like half-sport, maybe even a bit more than half-sport” : The sport for all programme in school - a practice forming sport childhoods
Abstract [en]

The aim of the dissertation was to investigate children’s views on and experiences of The Sport for All programme in school (SAP) (idrottsskolor) and the significance of the activities for children’s ”sports childhood”.

The study is anchored in the so-called “new sociology of childhood”. Such a standpoint is based on that children are competent social actors with agency. Following that, childhood is constructed both by actors in specific fields and by the children in these social practices.

The dissertation is based on three interview studies from three different SAPs. In study I fifteen individual interviews were conducted with: the programme manager, three school teachers, two sport club leaders and nine children (aged 9-10). Study II was based on repeated focus group interviews with 15 ten-year-old Swedish children participating in a SAP. In study III individual interviews were conducted with eight children, four years after they completed their participation in a SAP.

 

In all three studies the children described the SAP as a different sport practice in relation to traditional organized sport. In the SAP sport was offered in a new context with other meanings and functions compared to conventionally organized sport. But, study II showed that children with a strong performance ethos had the capacity to influence and control the practice in the SAP, which contribute to a “competitive atmosphere” in the SAP activities. Further, study III showed that children with a weak interest in sport enjoyed the activities. However, it was not something this certain group of children wanted to continue to practice outside the program. While other participants with an already established interest in sports, experienced a deepening and widening of their sport interest through the SAP.

In terms of agency, the children’s individual and collective views of sport are important to consider in regard to understanding the SAP practice. The children brought prior knowledge, understanding and skills into the SAP, which can contribute to the experience of the practice.   

Abstract [sv]

I Sverige domineras barns idrottande av den organiserade föreningsidrotten. Samtidigt har det under senare år framkommit att idrottsföreningarna tappar medlemmar. Det finns också en kritik i samhället mot att föreningarna bedriver en verksamhet enbart för de bästa barnen och inte för barnens bästa. Riksidrottsförbundet och staten har sett ett behov av att utveckla alternativa verksamheter för att den organiserade föreningsidrotten ska behålla sin position i samhället. En del i att utveckla idrotten är att organisera idrottsskolor, där barn under lekfulla former ska få prova på olika idrotter. Det har saknats kunskap om hur barn upplever idrottsskolor. Avhandlingens syfte är att öka kunskapen om och fördjupa förståelsen för barns upplevelser av idrottsskolan och verksamhetens betydelse för barns idrottande. Studien tar stöd i vad som kallas för den ”nya” barndomssociologin, vilket innebär att barnet sätts i centrum som en aktiv agent i de sociala processerna.

Avhandlingen bygger på tre intervjustudier av tre skilda idrottsskolor, innefattande individuella intervjuer med barn och deltagande vuxna, fokusgruppsintervjuer med barn och individuella intervjuer med barn fyra år efter att de avslutat sin medverkan i en idrottsskola. Resultatet från studierna analyseras och diskuteras utifrån frågan om idrottsskolor är för alla barn, och vad det kan betyda att vara med i en idrottsskola. Utmaningen i framtida satsningar ligger i att utveckla idrottsskolor utifrån barns skilda syn på och upplevelser av idrott.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2015. 76 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 53
Keyword
Sport clubs, Extra-curricular sport, Childrens sport, Sociology of childhood, Communities of Practice, Sport Capital, Idrottsföreningar, Skola, Barndomssociologi, idrottskapital, praktikgemenskaper, Intervjuer
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38344 (URN)978-91-7063-672-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-12-11, Nyqvistsalen, 9c 203, 65188 Karlstad, Karlstads universitet, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-11-23 Created: 2015-11-09 Last updated: 2015-11-23Bibliographically approved

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