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En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan stress och sömn
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A quantitative study on the relationship between stress and sleep (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att undersöka stress hos studenter vid Karlstad Universitet i relation till deras sömn. Studien var en kvantitativ enkätundersökning som skickades ut till studenterna genom universitetets läroplattform Itslearning. Antalet deltagare i studien var 106. I undersökningen användes mätinstrumenten Perceived Stress Scale 14 (PSS14) för att mäta deltagarnas upplevda stress den senaste månaden, och Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire (KSQ) för att mäta deltagarnas sömnvanor. Data hanterades och bearbetades i statistikprogrammet IBM SPSS. Dataanalysmetod var Pearson produktmomentkorrelation respektive enkel linjär regression. Resultatet från Pearson produktmomenkorrelation visade på ett stark signifikant negativt samband mellan stress och sömndimensionerna sömnkvalitetsindex, uppvakandebesvärindex samt sömnighetsindex. Samt ett måttligt signifikant negativt samband mellan stress och sömndimensionen snarkbesvärsindex. Resultatet från regressionsanalyserna visade att stress var en signifikant prediktor för samtliga sömndimensioner där 9 % av variansen kunde förklaras i sömnkvalitetsindex, 21 % i uppvakandebesvärsindex, 4,2 % i snarkbesvärsindex och 23 % i sömnighetsindex.Slutsatsen är att de studenter som skattat högt på PSS14 också har skattat lågt på KSQ, vilket kan förklaras som att desto mer stressad studenten är desto sämre blir sömnen. Upplevd stress kan till viss del predicera sömnen.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this student thesis was to examine stress among students at Karlstad University in relation to their sleep. The study was a quantitative survey that was sent out to students through the university’s learning platform Itslearning. The number of participants in the study was 106. The survey used the instruments Perceived Stress Scale 14 (PSS14) to measure participants‘ perceived stress in the past month, and the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire (KSQ) to measure the participants’ sleep habits. The data was handled and processed in the statistics program IBM SPSS. Data Analysis method was Pearson product-moment correlation and simple linear regression. The result of Pearson product-moment correlation showed a strong significant negative correlation between stress and sleep quality index, disturbed sleep index, snoring problem index and sleepiness index. The result of the regression analyzes showed that stress was a significant predictor of all dimensions of sleep where 9% of the variance could be explained in sleep quality index, 21% in disturbed sleep index, 4,2% of snoring problem index and 23% of the sleepiness index.The conclusion was that the students who scored high on PSS14 also scored low on KSQ, which can be explained as the more stressed out the student was the worse their sleep. Perceived stress can to some extent predict sleep.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Perceived stress, Stress, Sleep, KSQ, PSS14
Keyword [sv]
Upplevd stress, Stress, Sömn, KSQ, PSS14
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-38230DiVA: diva2:862513
Educational program
Study program in Case Management (180 ECTS credits)
Examiners
Available from: 2015-10-22 Created: 2015-10-22 Last updated: 2015-10-22Bibliographically approved

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