Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate: Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate –An analysis of the Psychometric Properties of a scale using Australian adolescent data
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9541-3673
2015 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Mobile: +4673-701 2448

 

(1) Background: Adolescents spend a considerable amount of their time in the school environment.  Most adolescents are also subjected to compulsory school attendance, implying that they have to deal with the environment on a daily basis. In that sense the school environment is inescapable. There are several different measures on student experiences of the school environment, but School Climate is one of the most prominent. However, there seems to be no agreement upon definition and operationalization of the School Climate concept. Also, it is uncommon to find descriptions of robust psychometric analyses of School Climate measures.    

(2) Aims: The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate by means of the Rasch model for ordered response categories.  

(3) Sample: Using a paper-and-pencil based survey, the data was collected among 758 students  enrolled (school year 3-7) in schools located in central Perth of Western Australia in 2013.

(4) Methods: A scale consisting of seven polytomous items is analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate if the data fit the Rasch model. A particular focus is also directed towards possible Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across sex and grade.

(5) Results: At a general level of analysis the scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of the individuals. Some items showed reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories did not work properly and as expected. Also, at a finer level of analysis focusing on DIF, the scale works fairly well, but with exceptions important in order to understand differences between younger and older adolescents.  

(6) Conclusions: Although the scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there is room for improvements. In particular the precision of measurement may be increased by improving the targeting through inclusion of additional items of appropriate severity.      

Future directions

As there seems to be a lack of instruments useful for invariant measurement of School Climate  across age groups and genders, efforts to develop instruments are required.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fukuoka, Japan, 2015.
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37995OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-37995DiVA: diva2:855402
Conference
The Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS)2015, August 20-24, Fukuoka, Japan
Available from: 2015-09-21 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2015-10-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bergh, Daniel
By organisation
Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental HealthDepartment of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies
Sociology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 63 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link