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Musikens effekt på kognitiva processer: Musiken som möjligt studiehjälpmedel
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of music on cognitive processes : Music as a possible tool in teaching (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet var att undersöka om musik påverkar studenters problemlösning kopplat till olika kognitiva processer såsom koncentration, kreativitet och logiskt tänkande.

Ett experiment utfördes med 30 universitetsstudenter jämnt fördelade på två grupper, en musikgrupp och en kontrollgrupp. Deltagarna i musikgruppen fick testa sin kreativitet, sitt logiska tänkande och sin koncentrationsförmåga med skriftliga tester medan de lyssnade på musik. Deltagarna fick även skatta sin impulsivitet för att kunna upptäcka eventuella skillnader mellan grupperna som skulle kunna påverka resultatet. Kontrollgruppen fick utföra samma tester i tystnad.

I musikgruppen fanns det en signifikant korrelation mellan impulsivitet och tid på koncentrationstestet. Ju mer impulsiva deltagarna var desto längre tid tog det att slutföra testet (r = 0,55, p= 0,04). För båda grupperna fanns det korrelationer mellan impulsivitet och antal fel på koncentrationstestet. Resultaten på problemlösningstesterna visade inga signifikanta skillnader mellan musikgruppen och kontrollgruppen. Det fanns inte heller några signifikanta skillnader mellan grupperna när det kom till deras impulsivitet.

Då det inte fanns några signifikanta skillnader mellan gruppernas resultat på problemlösningstesterna kan nollhypotesen inte förkastas. 

Abstract [en]

Abstract

The purpose was to answer the question whether music has an effect or not, on students’ problem solving connected to different cognitive processes such as concentration/attention, creativity and logical thinking.

An experiment was conducted where 30 university students were evenly distributed into two groups, one music group and one control group. The participants in the music group were tested in creativity, logical thinking and concentration through written tests while they were listening to music. The participants also rated their own impulsivity in order to discover any eventual differences between the groups that could affect the results. The control group did the same tests in silence.

A significant result was discovered in one of the correlation tests. It was found that in the music group there was a correlation between impulsivity and concentration (r = .55, p= .04). A higher level of impulsivity in a participant resulted in more time completing the concentration. The result of the problem solving tests showed no significant differences between the music group and the control group. There were also no significant differences between the groups in connection to their impulsivity. And since there were no significant results, no conclusion can be drawn and the null hypothesis can’t be rejected. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Music, concentration, creativity, logical reasoning, impulsivity
Keyword [sv]
Musik, koncentration, kreativitet, logiskt tänkande, impulsivitet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34412OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-34412DiVA: diva2:760261
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Teacher education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-11-05 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2014-11-05Bibliographically approved

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