Macroinvertebrate colonization of a nature-like fishway: The effects of adding habitat heterogeneity
2013 (English)In: Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecosystem Restoration, ISSN 0925-8574, Vol. 61, 345-353 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nature-like fishways are designed to imitate the characteristics of natural streams, thereby providing both fish passage and habitat for a variety of aquatic organisms. To date, however, the potential for habitat rehabilitation of nature-like fishways has not been fully realized. To develop the concept of how to design a nature-like fishway, a 500-m long nature-like fishway, termed the biocanal, was constructed at the Eldforsen hydroelectric facility, Sweden. It included four habitat types: riffle, pool, floodplain and braided (i.e. with islands), each replicated three times. The riffle sections were considered controls for typical Swedish nature-like fishways. Thus the biocanal had a more varied in-stream environment than those of conventional fishways. To test the prediction that the biocanal had a positive effect on biodiversity, we compared the physical habitat and benthic fauna composition of the more diverse habitat types in the biocanal to the riffle habitats. We also made comparisons between the biocanal and six natural reference streams in the area. After two years, 63% of the benthic fauna families found in the reference streams had colonized the biocanal. Families present in the reference streams, but not in the biocanal, were predominantly slow colonizers or taxa linked to riparian vegetation, which was scarce and in an early successional stage along the biocanal. In the biocanal, pool and floodplain habitats contained the highest number of families, the highest family diversity (Shannon-Weaver) and the highest densities of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera. Since these habitats contained more families and had higher diversities than the riffle habitats which are typical of conventional nature-like fishways, we suggest that the construction of biocanals indeed possesses the potential for high biodiversity. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 61, 345-353 p.
Nature-like fishway, Habitat compensation, Macroinvertebrate, Diversity, aquatic insects, invertebrate colonization, benthic invertebrate, bypass, channel, stream, river, communities, diversity, recovery, disturbance
Research subject Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33968DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.09.023ISI: 000328487200041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33968DiVA: diva2:752274
The study presented in this paper was funded by Fortum Environmental Fund. Projects that receive funding are approved by the NGO Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC). 2014-10-032014-10-032015-12-14Bibliographically approved