Modern Municipalities. Notion and ideas guiding the development of Swedish municipalities
2014 (English)In: European Consortium for Political Reseach (ECPR) General Conference: Section: Contemporary Local Self-Governance and Democracy – Challenges and Responses, Panel: Institutional Reform in Local Government,, Glasgow: Glasgow University , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
In this paper we describe the development of Swedish municipalities as we trace the origin of the modern municipality to the late 19th century to today with a special focus on the last 40-50 years of development. With this as a background, and related to the research literature, we develop four different theoretical perspectives (ideal types): (1), The municipality as community: focusing on common interests and challenges in the local social and political order. (2), The state integrated municipality: focusing on the implementation of national welfare functions, the role of the municipality and the steering and control efforts of the nation-state. (3), The facilitating municipality: focusing on mobilization and integration of different types of resources across borders within the public sector and between public and private institutions. (4), The market oriented municipality: focusing on freedom of choice reform and that public activities should be put on the market according to the belief that competition is the most important motor of public economy. The different theoretical perspectives, it is argued, catches notion and ideas guiding the development of local politics and democracy. Experiences from reforms, which are related to these ideas, are presented. The overall questions raised are what ideas are empirically represented in different policy fields? The paper concludes by discussing two examples of contemporary policy fields in the light of the four theoretical perspectives.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow: Glasgow University , 2014.
Public Administration Studies
Research subject Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33863OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33863DiVA: diva2:750897
European Consortium for Political Reseach (ECPR) General Conference 3-6 September, Glasgow