The fact-value intertwinement: Investigating upper secondary students’ decision-making concerning socioscientific issues
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
This study aims to explore students’ argumentation and decision-making relating to an authentic socioscientific issue (SSI) – the problem of environmental toxins in fish from the Baltic Sea. An instructional exercise module was designed to develop students’ ability to argue about complex multi-disciplinary issues. Seven science majors in the final year of their upper secondary studies participated in the this studyinstructional exercise. Their argumentation and decision making processes were followed closely and data were collected during multiple stages of the instructional moduleexercise: group discussions were tapedaudio recorded, the participants wrote reports on their decision making and submitted them for analysis, and post-exercise interviews were conducted with individual students. The analysis focused on the skills of evaluation demonstrated by the students during the exercise and the relationships between the values, knowledge and experiences that they used in their argumentation. Even though all of the students had access to the same information and agreed on the factual aspects of the issue, they came to different decisions. All of the students took counter-arguments and the limitations of their claims into account, and were able to extend their claims where appropriate. However, their decisions differed depending on their background values, knowledge and experiences (i.e. their intellectual baggage).
Socioscientific issues, SSI, Decision-making, Informal argumentation, Intellectual baggage
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33719OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33719DiVA: diva2:747639