Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE credits
Teachers’ questioning is an essential part of learning and teaching, while almost every teacher use questions during their teaching for students. As well as questioning is an essential part of assessment, through questions teachers can assess and evaluate their students.
The aim of this study is to find out the way of putting questions for students by teachers in secondary schools grade 7, 8 and 9.The study was done in Badakhshan province. The method for this study is quantitative and the tools for data collection of this study were questionnaire and classroom observation.
Questionnaires were distributed to 80 teachers in eight schools for boys and girls in urban and rural areas of Badakhshan Province. The other tools of data collection were classroom observation. In this study 24 classes were observed in eight schools of the mentioned areas.
The main findings of this study relate to teachers’ question type, the way of putting question, waiting time and reaction of teachers toward students when they give wrong answer to the questions.
According to the findings of this study almost all teachers in the mentioned schools only use open questions during their teaching and not another kind of questions like: close question, divergent and convergent types of questions. Open questions need more responses and the answer is not limited. Moreover students talk more around the question that pose by teachers.
Waiting time is another important issue during putting questions to student. The finding of this study shows all teachers wait for students’ answer, but the result of questionnaire and classroom observation is different. In questionnaire teachers claimed that they wait for about one minute for students answer, while the result of classroom observation shows the average waiting time is about 5-10 seconds.
In this study there were mentioned about physical punishment, that teachers were sued during their teaching time, but in this research the finding shows that teachers do not punish (physical punishment) student for giving wrong answer to the question.