Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE credits
Homework is a well known phenomena all over the world in educational and academic areas. Many researchers have found that it has very important and vital role in learning process in all stages on students. This study aims to find out the extent to which Afghan teachers recognize the importance, the use and the effects of homework. The general aim of the study was to find whether the theoretical understanding and practical approaches among Afghan teachers differ or are similar to those of teachers in other countries. The particular aim was to find how teachers perceived homework as an educational process.
This study is based on quantitative research method. For collecting data questionnaires have been used for upper secondary school teachers and students including male and female.
Homework is used for a variety of purposes including preparing students for new material, reinforcing and expanding upon classroom instruction, creating new understanding, building a sense of responsibility in students for their own education. Homework is also one element of a vital partnership between parents and students, teachers and school, particularly for students in the secondary and upper secondary grades.
This study establishes that homework is widely used by school teachers in Afghanistan. Many teachers assign homework and are aware of its positive effects in the learning process. However, there is not much research that gives a clear idea of homework in Afghanistan. Besides, many studies in developing countries have shown that teachers have an important role in implementing this vital learning procedure in their classes in schools.
Most findings of this study correspond to what has been found in many other studies conducted in developing countries. However, there is a lack of learning materials in Afghan schools and lack of facilities for Afghan students at home, therefore, teachers also assign homework as in other developed countries in the world.