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GENDER BIASES IN DARI TEXTBOOKS: - An analysis of Dari textbooks grade 4-6 from gender perspective in Afghanistan.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

As mentioned the discussion about gender equality in education is often concerned with how gender roles are promoted and encouraged through teaching and learning materials in schools, where textbooks are one of the most important tools, so the objective by this study is to look and discuss the gender issue in term of equality in Dari textbooks of grades 4 to 6. The intention is to find out to what extent gender equality - the issue that has been very much in policy documents - has been reflected in the textbooks.

The method used to achieve the objectives was to look at the Dari language textbooks for grades 4 to 6 during various political regimes in Afghanistan in order to trace back the changes and progress. Textbooks of different periods have been scrutinized to find out the feature and nature of gender biases. The textbooks were selected from different political regimes in Afghanistan in five past decades.

Although gender equality and equity  have been addressed in the policy documents of the Ministry of Education, but as found by this study, gender biases still to a large extent are there in textbooks e.g. in one of the new textbooks out of 136 pages only one page was talking about gender equality. Also disparity in terms of role between male and female has been found to some extent in the entire textbook for Dari language.

A considerable difference between male and female depiction regarding frequency of names, occupations/roles outside home and in public sphere have been observed in the textbooks developed and used during all the political periods, but some improvement noticed in the new textbooks developed based on Curriculum Framework 2003. Only 5 percent of all names used in texts and examples were feminine in pre-Soviet period, while the depiction has increased during Soviet era i.e. after 1978. In Taliban and Mujahedeen period, the female depiction has experienced a backlash but after Taliban period there had been an improvement, although still far from full materialization of gender equality in different aspects. Interestingly, it was observed that on the cover pages of all of the new Dari languages textbooks for these grades   pictures of girls classes where female teacher stands in front of them, are printed, which may indicate that at least an awareness exist. On the other hand, little improvement has been made in the content of the textbooks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
National Category
Educational Sciences Didactics Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31902OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31902DiVA, id: diva2:712226
Subject / course
Applied Pedagogy
Educational program
Master of Education and Didactics (60/120 credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2014-04-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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