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Effekter av massage på patienter inom den palliativa vården
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den palliativa vården bygger på att upprätthålla en god livskvalitet genom att ge stöd och lindra de fysiska och psykiska symtomen individen lider av. Massage har idag blivit mer accepterad som ett komplement till den naturvetenskapligt baserade medicinska vården. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters erfarenheter av massagens effekter inom den palliativa vården. Metod: En integrerad litteraturstudie utfördes där relevanta sökord kombinerades i databaserna Amed, CINAHL, Scopus och PubMed. Materialet kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades vilket resulterade i 15 studier. Resultat: I de kvalitativa studierna upplevde samtliga patienter en positiv effekt av massage. I de kvantitativa studierna uppmättes det begränsat med statistiskt signifikanta förbättringar av bland annat depression, oro, smärta, stress, sömn och välbefinnande. Slutsats: Det är svårt att dra några generella slutsatser om massagens användbarhet inom den palliativa vården då det återfanns begränsat med statistiskt signifikanta effekter. Trots att patienterna upplevde positiva effekter behövs mer forskning i framtiden för att stärka dess evidens. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The main objective of palliative care is to sustain a good quality of life by supporting and relieving physical and psychological ailments. Massage therapy today is an accepted complement to conventional care. Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight patient descriptions of the effects of massage therapy within palliative care. Method: An integrated literature review was conducted where relevant keywords were combined in the data bases Amed, CINAHL, Scopus and PubMed. The material was reviewed, analyzed and resulted in 15 qualitative studies. Results: In the studies all patients experienced a positive effect from the massage therapy. Furthermore, there were few statistically significant improvements regarding depression, anxiety, pain, stress, sleep and well-being. Conclusions: It is hard to come to any general conclusions about the usefulness of massage therapy in palliative care when there were so few statistically significant effects. Even though patients reported positive effects more research is needed in the future to strengthen its evidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31299DiVA: diva2:694916
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Available from: 2014-02-12 Created: 2014-02-08 Last updated: 2014-02-12Bibliographically approved

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