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Bioclimatic Interpretation Over Vernacular Houses From Historical city Basrah.
Archcrea Institute.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4536-9747
2006 (English)In: PLEA 2006: 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture., Geneve: Universite de Geneve , 2006, 87-91 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Basrah’s climate is hot, dry summer, mild to cold winter, and a pleasant spring and fall. The old builders from this region putted a big effort to create passive bioclimatic houses that corresponds the negative effects Basrah’s macroclimate. The courtyard is the central and dominant space in the house plan with a direct access to the living spaces. Houses from the city are compact with interior courtyard; the streets are sinuous and pass through houses volumes. The shady interior courtyard has the effect that the rooms do not communicate directly with the overheated air outside, but through intermediate buffer spaces. In the mean time between courtyard and street at least a wall or a building is always interposed. The House plan had an endomorphic form, (open tree form). The volumes were concept to create shadow which helps to move the air by natural movement to the deep superior side, that can be achieve through special holes. The architectural elements are strongly decorated, reproducing special typologies and traditional houses. Open spaces, covered by large roofs, are interesting due to the mix of diffuse light and shade that are an essential aesthetic factor in these buildings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Geneve: Universite de Geneve , 2006. 87-91 p.
Keyword [en]
Bioclimatic Architecture, Shadow, Compact Volumes, Spaces, Courtyard
National Category
Civil Engineering
Research subject
Construction Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-30609ISBN: 2940156301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-30609DiVA: diva2:675688
Conference
PLEA2006 - The 23rd Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Geneva, Switzerland, 6-8 September 2006
Available from: 2013-12-04 Created: 2013-12-04 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Almssad, Asaad
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