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Hamburgare eller bajs?: en fallstudie om en funktionshindrad elevs undervisning i idrott och hälsa på en särskola
Karlstad University, Division for Educational Sciences.
2007 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

A child with functional disorder getting close to starting school has different types of schooling to choose between. Parents and the school of the matter have to agree in consultation. I use the conceptions included and segregated schooling to show different ways attend school. By included education I mean that all students with as well as without functional disorder in a group shall be completely comprised in the situation and not be separated from the group by individual exercises (Fors 2004). A segregated schooling is often pursued in special school where all the students have functional disorder and the education usually takes place in separate buildings (Emanuelsson 2001).

I have completed a qualitative case study of a boy who is 14 years old and has the functional disorder Down’s syndrome and has been placed at a special school his entire schooling. I have interviewed the student and people close to him as well as pursued my own observations in his special school. To actively work out and take good care of our physique is important to all of us but maybe even more for those with functional disorders. My purpose with this study is to find out how a student with functional disorder and people close to him apprehend a segregated education in physical education classes.

My results show that all the respondents are positive to the student’s physical activity and his progress in his physical education classes in special school. But they do find limitations for continued development in physical education in this form of schooling. These limits can for example be that the student’s classmates cannot reach up to his physical capacity. Though, the respondents believe that the environment in the special school gives the student the social security he needs to be able to venture being active in the classes of physical education. Accordingly, people close to the student believe this is a bigger advantage in his physical activity even if he would obtain a more varied physical education in a public school.

Abstract [sv]

Ett barn med funktionshinder som närmar sig skolåldern har olika skolformer att välja mellan i samråd med sina föräldrar och aktuell skola. Jag använder begreppen inkluderad och segregerad skolgång om dessa olika sätt att gå i skolan. Med inkluderad undervisning menar jag att alla elever såväl med som utan funktionshinder i en grupp ska innefattas fullt ut i sammanhanget och inte avskiljas från gruppen med separata övningar (Fors 2004). En segregerad skolgång bedrivs ofta på särskolor där enbart funktionshindrade elever placeras och undervisningen sker vanligtvis i avskilda skolbyggnader (Emanuelsson 2001).

Jag har gjort en kvalitativ fallstudie av en pojke på 14 år med funktionshindret Downs syndrom som har varit placerad på en särskola hela sin skolgång. Jag har intervjuat eleven och hans närstående samt gjort observationer på särskolan. Att aktivt träna och ta hand om vår fysik är viktigt för alla men kanske allra mest för funktionshindrade. Syftet med denna undersökning är att ta reda på hur en funktionshindrad elev och andra av hans närstående uppfattar en segregerad undervisning i idrott och hälsa.

Mitt resultat pekar på att alla respondenter är positiva till elevens fysiska aktivitet och framsteg på idrottsundervisningen i särskolan men att de ser vissa begränsningar för elevens fortsatta fysiska utveckling i denna skolform. Dessa begränsningar kan t ex vara att elevens klasskompisar inte når upp till hans fysiska kapacitet. Man anser dock att miljön på särskolan ger eleven den sociala trygghet han behöver för att våga vara aktiv på idrottslektionerna och att det skulle vara till en större fördel för hans fysiska aktivitet än om han skulle få en mer varierad idrottsundervisning i grundskolan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Physical education, Segregation, Integration, Inclusion
Keywords [sv]
Idrott och hälsa, Segregering, Integrering, Inkludering
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-962OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-962DiVA, id: diva2:6724
Presentation
2007-06-07
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2007-07-24 Created: 2007-07-24

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