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Økologi og utfordrende atferd: A study in ecology of caretaking environments, and how it affects the incidents of challenging behaviour in people with learning disability
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
2007 (Bokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [nb]

Årsakene til at mennesker med psykisk utviklingshemming utvikler utfordrende atferd er mange og sammensatte. Biologiske, psykologiske og miljømessige faktorer bidrar hver for seg eller sammen til at atferden oppstår. Uri Bronfenbrenners økologiske modell for sosial utvikling beskriver faktorer som kan påvirker atferd. Det handler om nære relasjoner og om omkringliggende systemers innvirkning på relasjonene. Studiens hensikt har vært å beskrive kommunalt ansatte omsorgsgiveres erfaringer med økologiske faktorers betydning for å kunne mestre og forebygge for utfordrende atferd hos mennesker med psykisk utviklingshemming. Åtte omsorgsgivere fra seks ulike omsorgsmiljøer har blitt intervjuet om sine erfaringer. Studien er gjennomført etter kvalitativ forskningsmetode. Materialet har blitt samlet inn og analysert etter hermeneutisk tilnærming. Omsorgsyternes erfaringer med økologiske faktorers betydning i omsorgsarbeidet er tydeliggjort i fem beskrivningskategorier: Tøff hverdag, Ulik tilnærming - nesten samme praksis, Ulike miljøer, Trygt arbeidsmiljø og Lukkede miljøer. Studien viser at økologiske faktorer påvirker forekomst av utfordrende atferd hos mennesker med psykisk utviklingshemming. Bevisstheten om de enkelte faktorenes betydning kan bidra til å utvikle forebyggende tiltak i omsorgsmiljøene.

Abstract [en]

The causes behind the development of challenging behaviour in people with learning disability are numerous and complex. This type of behaviour is prompted by a combination of biological, psychological and environmental variables. The ecological model proposed by Uri Bronfenbrenner for social development describes variables that can influence behaviour, mainly the close relations between people and how surrounding systems influence those relations. The purpose of this study is to describe how caretakers, employed by various municipalities, have used ecological factors and drawn experience from them in handling and preventing challenging behaviour in people with learning disability. Eight caretakers from six different environments have been interviewed on their practical experience. The study has been carried out with qualitative research techniques. The material has been collected and analyzed according to a hermeneutical approach. The caretakers` experience of the importance of ecological factors in the caregiving tasks is demonstrated in five description categories: Difficult daily tasks, Different approach- almost same practice, Different environments, Safe working environment and Closed environments. The study demonstrates that ecological factors influence the incidence of challenging behaviour in people with learning disability. Being conscious of the importance of the various factors may promote the development of preventive measures in the caretaking environments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
Learning Disability, Challenging Behaviour, Coping, Ecology, Staff experience
Keywords [nb]
Psykisk utviklingshemming, Utfordrende atferd, Mestring, Økologi, Omsorgsgiveres erfaring
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-929DiVA, id: diva2:6685
Presentation
2006-11-23
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2007-06-12 Created: 2007-06-12 Last updated: 2018-01-11

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