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Journalism as institution and work in Europe, circa 1860: A comparative history of journalism
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8497-3381
2013 (English)In: Media History, ISSN 1368-8804, E-ISSN 1469-9729, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 393-407Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents a comparative historical analysis of the relationship between journalism as institution (i.e., a particular set of organizations in society) and journalism as work (i.e., an activity practiced by individuals) in four European countries: Britain, Sweden, Germany, and Estonia. The analysis compares the institutional context of journalistic work in these four countries around 1860, focusing in particular on the organization of journalistic labor at the national newspaper of record. The historical comparison reveals how exceptional the British case is. The study finds that British journalism circa 1860 exhibited a high division of labor, high labor specialization, and was increasingly focused on news gathering and production. Swedish and German journalism exhibited an emerging division of labor and labor specialization, and was focused on political debate (rather than news gathering and production). Estonian journalism exhibited hardly any division of labor or labor specialization, and was focused on raising national awareness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2013. Vol. 19, no 4, p. 393-407
Keywords [en]
Journalism, journalism history, comparative analysis, Europe, 19th century, journalistic work
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-30070DOI: 10.1080/13688804.2013.844896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-30070DiVA, id: diva2:665881
Available from: 2013-11-21 Created: 2013-11-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Örnebring, Henrik

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf