Role of phosphoinositide 3OH-kinase in autocrine transformation by PDGF-BB.
2001 (English)In: Journal of Cellular Physiology, ISSN 0021-9541, E-ISSN 1097-4652, Vol. 188, no 3, 369-382 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Phosphoinositide 3OH-kinases (PI3K) are a family of lipid kinases that activates signalling pathways important for migration, cytoskeletal rearrangements, and cell survival. These processes are important hallmarks in transformation. We have evaluated the functional role of PI3K for development of a transformed morphology and migratory responses of murine fibroblasts (NIH/sis and COL1A1/NIH3T3 cell lines) stimulated in an autocrine fashion by constitutive expression of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). We show that prolonged treatment with the specific PI3K inhibitor LY294002, induced a reversion of the transformed morphology, and prevented density-independent growth and focus formation. Functional PI3K was also required for development of the transformed morphology of NIH/sis and COL1A1/NIH3T3. Furthermore, treatment with LY294002 completely perturbed random migration of the cells. In addition our data show that, in the signalling pathways downstream of PI3K, activation of the small GTPase Rac was a prerequisite for the transformation signal. Our data also indicate the presence of a suramin-insensitive PI3K activity. Most likely this was due to the presence of a suramin-insensitive intracellular PDGFR pool that allowed activation of PI3K located in intracellular compartments. In conclusion these data show that intact PI3K activity was required for the morphological alterations and the enhanced migratory response that are hallmarks for PDGF induced autocrine transformation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 188, no 3, 369-382 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-29602DOI: 10.1002/jcp.1126PubMedID: 11473364OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-29602DiVA: diva2:657063