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Career patterns for IT engineering graduates
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karolinska Institutet.
2013 (English)In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 34, no 3, 519-535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Women constitute a clear minority in the field of information and communications technology (ICT) in higher education as well as in the job market. At the same time, this field is expected to have a shortage of qualified people in the future. Do women and men engineering graduates have the same career opportunities? This article problematizes the relationship between higher education in engineering and opportunities on the job market. The results show that men reach higher positions to a greater extent than women, and that women remain in low-qualification jobs to a greater extent than men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE: SAGE Open, 2013. Vol. 34, no 3, 519-535 p.
Keyword [en]
Gender segregation, higher education, information and communications technology (ICT)
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-29262DOI: 10.1177/0143831X13492832ISI: 000323831800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-29262DiVA: diva2:653246
Projects
Jämväxt
Available from: 2013-10-03 Created: 2013-10-03 Last updated: 2016-01-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Den raka och den krokiga vägen: om genus, ingenjörer och teknikkarriärer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den raka och den krokiga vägen: om genus, ingenjörer och teknikkarriärer
2015 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Straight roads and winding roads : on gender, engineers, and technology careers
Abstract [en]

Abstract

 

The purpose of this doctoral thesis is to shed light on, explain, and problematize women’s and men’s paths both to and within the profession of engineer. Computer and mechanical engineers are in focus and the overarching issues that this thesis attempts to answer are: How can women’s and men’s paths to the profession of engineer be explained and what has governed/motivated their choice of education? How do women’s and men’s career patterns look in professional life, and how can these patterns be explained?

 

This study is based on a social-constructivistic approach, entailing a focus on how choices of education and profession have been negotiated through social and cultural practices, norms, and values. The thesis combines work science research with research into the gender and technology fields. In particular, the relationships between gender, technology, and labour market gender segregation are of key importance in this thesis. The four part studies of the thesis are based on three qualitative studies and on one quantitative study. The qualitative studies consist of interview surveys with a total of 24 computer and mechanical engineers and 22 IT consultants. The quantitative survey is an exhaustive survey of 3,662 working IT engineers.

 

My studies show that the career patterns of women and men in the profession of engineer differ. Men’s paths both to and within the profession tend to be “straight” while women’s are often “winding”. The thesis shows that historically established, often stereotypical, conceptions of gender contribute towards recreating these different paths for women and men. At the same time, tendencies towards change are indicated. This is made visible through a gradually changing view of both father- and parenthood, which in and of itself is creating new prerequisites for women and men in working life. In concluding, the thesis proposes a new term, technology career, as an analytical tool for continued studies of gender segregation in technology and engineering professions. The aim in using this term is to capture the social complexity and cultural dynamic as regards how technology and gender are co-produced.

Abstract [sv]

 

”Jag har ju en yngre bror som har stöttat mig i det här. Han har ju samma utbildning som jag men han valde ju rätt med en gång [   ] han gick mera den raka vägen än min krokiga.”

 

Såhär säger Kristina om sin väg till ingenjörsutbildningen och till ingenjörsyrket. Till skillnad från hennes yngre bror var hennes väg ”krokig”, medan hans var ”rak”. Denna avhandling tar sig an den könssegregering i ingenjörsutbildningar och i ingenjörsyrket som Kristinas berättelse återspeglar. I fokus står data- och maskingenjörer. Detta är två av de mest könssegregerade ingenjörsgrenarna, och betraktas ofta som ”mansyrken”. Genom såväl kvalitativa intervjuer med ingenjörer och en kvantitativ totalundersökning av över 3000 ingenjörers karriärmönster, undersöker avhandlingen vilka tecken på förändring som syns i ingenjörsyrkets könssegregering. Vilka är hindren för kvinnor att ta plats inom yrket, och vilka möjligheter finns?

 

Line Holth är forskare i arbetsvetenskap och verksam vid Handelshögskolan och Centrum för genusforskning vid Karlstads universitet. Detta är hennes doktorsavhandling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2015. 129 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2015:42
Keyword
Gender, technology, gender stereotypes, choice of education, gender segregation, working life, fatherhood, masculinities, technology careers, IT engineers, mechanical engineers, genus, teknik, könsstereotyper, utbildningsval, könssegregering, arbetsliv, faderskap, maskuliniteter, teknikkarriärer, IT-ingenjörer, maskiningenjörer
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37822 (URN)978-91-7063-660-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-09, Erlandersalen, 11D 227, Universitetsgatan 1, 651 88, 14:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-09-25 Created: 2015-09-02 Last updated: 2015-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Holth, LineAlmasri, AbdullahGonäs, Lena
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