Liberalism and Revivalism: A Comparative Case Study of Liberal Ideology, Individualism, and Revivalism in Schleswig-Holstein and Värmland, ca 1860-1920
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 38, no 2, 154-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Only rarely have the non-secular roots of modern political individualism been subject to study. In this article I forward the hypothesis that modern political individualism, as expressed by 19th-century liberalism, was a result of individualistic, low Church and nonconformist revivals to the same extent that it was a product of secular rationalism. The hypothesis is probed in a comparative case study of rural liberalism in two north European regions, Schleswig-Holstein (Germany) and Värmland (Sweden). I address three key requirements of the hypothesis: that the nonconformist revival movements in 18th and 19th-century northern Europe promoted an individualistic outlook among their followers; that individuality rooted in religious awakenings was congenial to liberal ideology; and that traits of non-secular individualism were incorporated with everyday liberal political discourse and practice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2013. Vol. 38, no 2, 154-179 p.
liberalism, revivalism, individualism, Schleswig-Holstein, Värmland
Research subject History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27507DOI: 10.1080/03468755.2013.764924ISI: 000318150000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-27507DiVA: diva2:624905