Clientelism, Elites and the Media in Central and Eastern Europe
2012 (English)In: The International Journal of Press/Politics, ISSN 1940-1612, E-ISSN 1940-1620, Vol. 17, no 4, 497-515 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article argues that the traditional political science definition of clientelism is insufficient for explaining how the media fit in with clientelistic systems in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It is suggested that a broader understanding of clientelism, looking in particular at how media are used as elite-to-elite communication tools as well as elite-to-mass communication tools, better explains the place of the media in the clientelistic systems of the CEE nations. Empirically, it is based on a set of 272 elite and expert interviews conducted across ten CEE countries (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia) in 2010 and 2011. The article presents some general findings on the nature and character of the linkages between political elites and the media, and the extent to which such linkages can be considered clientelistic. Then follows a discussion of specific practices of media instrumentalization, charting the many ways in which the media can function as a resource in conflicts and negotiations between clientelistic elite networks, directly as well as indirectly. Particular attention is given to the phenomena of advertorials and kompromat.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012. Vol. 17, no 4, 497-515 p.
Media and Communications
Research subject Media and Communication Studies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26204DOI: 10.1177/1940161212454329ISI: 000308881700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-26204DiVA: diva2:603513