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Spherically symmetric relativistic stellar structures
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
2003 (English)In: Class.Quant.Grav. 20 (2003) 4567-4586Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We investigate relativistic spherically symmetric static perfect fluid models in the framework of the theory of dynamical systems. The field equations are recast into a regular dynamical system on a 3-dimensional compact state space, thereby avoiding the non-regularity problems associated with the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation. The global picture of the solution space thus obtained is used to derive qualitative features and to prove theorems about mass-radius properties. The perfect fluids we discuss are described by barotropic equations of state that are asymptotically polytropic at low pressures and, for certain applications, asymptotically linear at high pressures. We employ dimensionless variables that are asymptotically homology invariant in the low pressure regime, and thus we generalize standard work on Newtonian polytropes to a relativistic setting and to a much larger class of equations of state. Our dynamical systems framework is particularly suited for numerical computations, as illustrated by several numerical examples, e.g., the ideal neutron gas and examples that involve phase transitions

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Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-23736OAI: diva2:597499
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22

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Uggla, Claes
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