Single-chain antibody construction and functional mapping of the monoclonal antibody TS1: Its interaction with the antigen and the anti-idiotype
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Antibodies are proteins with the ability to bind antigens rapidly and specifically. Antibodies consist of several different parts. The complementary determining regions (CDR) are the parts that recognize the antigen and are the focus of this study.
The aims of this study are to synthesize and produce a single-chain antibody (scFv) of the anti-cytokeratin 8 monoclonal IgG antibody TS1 and to functionally map amino acid residues important for the interaction with its antigen and the anti-idiotypic antibody anti-TS1.
Cytokeratins are present in significant amount in the necrotic areas of carcinomas and are not released into the circulation since they have low solubility.
The TS1 antibody has been shown to be effective in binding cytokeratin 8 (CK8) expressed in tumors in vivo and is proposed to be useful in immunotargeting and/or immunotherapy. The anti-idiotypic antibody anti-TS1 can be used to regulate the tumor:non-tumor ratio. Mutagenesis of certain amino acid residues can be used to alter the affinity to improve the tumor:non-tumor ratio further.
In the present study, the TS1 IgG was chemically modified to specify groups of residues important for interaction with both CK8 and anti-TS1. If important residues were found in the CDRs, they were mutated in the TS1 scFv construct and the effect was studied using ELISA.
The main conclusions drawn from this study are that the important amino acid residues in TS1 for the interaction with both CK8 and anti-TS1 are mainly tyrosines, charged residues and a tryptophan. A central interacting interface was identified with the somewhat unusual participation of residues in the CDR 2 of the light chain. Mutations which resulted in increased affinity to both CK8 and anti-TS1 were also identified
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad university studies , 2005.
Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
Research subject Biomedical Science; Biomedical Laboratory Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-23472ISBN: 9185335436 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-23472DiVA: diva2:597230