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Self-perceived oral health in adolescents associated with family characteristics and parental employment status
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
2003 (English)In: Community Dental HealthArticle in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objective - To investigate self-perceived oral health and its associations with family characteristics and parental employment status in an adolescent population from a gender perspective.

Design - A cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires answered anonymously in classrooms.

Setting - All senior (13-15 years) and upper secondary (16-18 years) level schools in Skaraborg County, Sweden.

Subjects - 17,035 students, participation rate 88.5%.

Outcome measures - A single-item rating of self-perceived oral health; satisfaction with the appearance of the teeth; self-assessed gingival bleeding; a perceived oral health index.

Results - Independent of family characteristics and parental employment status, girls, more often than boys, perceived their oral health to be good and had less self-assessed gingival bleeding but were less satisfied with the appearance of their teeth. Adolescents living with a single mother (senior level OR 0.71 [CI 0.59-0.84], upper secondary level OR 0.76 [CI 0.62-0.92]) or with neither parent were less likely to perceive their oral health as good when single-item rated and reported more gingival bleeding (living with a single mother: senior level OR 1.37 [CI 1.20-1.57], upper secondary level OR 1.51 [CI 1.28-1.77]) than those who lived with both parents, while adolescents who lived with a single father did not. Associations between parental employment status and self-perceived oral health were weak and inconsistent.

Conclusions - Family characteristics were important for adolescents self-perceived oral health while parental employment status was not. Children living in single-parent households should be supported and recognised in strategies for oral health promotion and prevention. Gender differences should also be taken into consideration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003.
Keyword [en]
adolescence, family characteristics, gender, self-perceived oral health, unemployment
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Dental Hygiene
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-23305OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-23305DiVA, id: diva2:597061
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22

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Östberg, Anna-Lena

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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Output format
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