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General Relativistic Stars : Polytropic Equations of State
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
2001 (English)In: Annals Phys. 286 (2001) 292-319Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, the gravitational field equations for static spherically symmetric perfect fluid models with a polytropic equation of state, $p=k\rho^{1+1/n}$, are recast into two complementary 3-dimensional {\it regular} systems of ordinary differential equations on compact state spaces. The systems are analyzed numerically and qualitatively, using the theory of dynamical systems. Certain key solutions are shown to form building blocks which, to a large extent, determine the remaining solution structure. In one formulation, there exists a monotone function that forces the general relativistic solutions towards a part of the boundary of the state space that corresponds to the low pressure limit. The solutions on this boundary describe Newtonian models and thus the relationship to the Newtonian solution space is clearly displayed. It is numerically demonstrated that general relativistic models have finite radii when the polytropic index $n$ satisfies $0\leq n \lesssim 3.339$ and infinite radii when $n\geq 5$. When $3.339\lesssim n<5$, there exists a 1-parameter set of models with finite radii and a finite number, depending on $n$, with infinite radii

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-19743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-19743DiVA: diva2:593394
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21

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