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Effects of snuff on oral health status of adolescent males: A case-control study
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
2005 (English)In: Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry, Vol. 2005;3:77-85Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of snuff on the oral health status of adolescent males. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants consisted of 80 adolescent males between 16-25 years, 40 snuff users and 40 non-users. The snuff users and non-users were matched with reference to their age. Data were collected using a questionnaire containing questions on general and oral health, daily oral hygiene and tobacco habits. The clinical examination was carried out in a dental office by two experienced dental hygienists. Snuff lesions were clinically classified on a four-point scale and documented on colour slides. The examination also assessed the number of teeth, restored tooth surfaces, plaque index and gingival index, probing pocket depth and gingival recessions. RESULTS: Out of 40 snuff users, 35 showed snuff incluced lesions. The clinical diagnosis of snuff users' mucosa showed snuff lesions of different severity clinically classified as degree 1, 2 and 3. When explaining snuff lesions of degree 2 and 3, hours of daily snuff use and package form (portion-bag snuff versus loose snuff) was statistically significant. There were no statistical differences between snuff users and non-users regarding restored tooth surfaces, presence of plaque, gingival inflammation and probing pocket depth. Seventeen percent of the cases showed loss of periodontal attachment as gingival recessions. CONCLUSION: In spite of mucosal lesions caused by snuff there were no statistical differences in prevalence in plaque and gingivitis between snuff users and non-users. However, some cases showed loss of periodontal attachment as gingival recessions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 2005;3:77-85
Keyword [en]
adolescent, oral health, tobacco habits, snuff lesions
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Dental Hygiene
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-18653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-18653DiVA: diva2:592290
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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