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Building memory of lessons learning from natural hazards into systems - a Swedish approach
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
2008 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Lessons learning from systematic analyses of past natural disasters is of great importance for future risk reduction and vulnerability management, not least in times of climate change and emerging climate-related risks. Systematic analyses of impact and assessment of past events have commonly been produced in many sectors, but the knowledge is seldom shared outside the own organization. As a response to a government commission in 2005 to meet up with this problem, the Swedish Rescue Services Agency (SRSA) has built and works on a knowledge database. The work is also one activity within the Swedish multi-sectoral national platform for disaster reduction, which was founded in 2007 in line with commitments to the UN/ISDR Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015. This presentation demonstrates the methodology where over 30 organizations gave their view of requirements, design and common weal. A brief view of the database content and arising holistic perspective is also given. The resulting information system gathers accident reports, investigations and in-depth analyses, together with societal additional costs and mappings of consequences from central and local governments, NGO and private actors. Information is compiled by SRSA about hazard cause, pre-event prevention, early warning and preparedness, hazard evolution and response, consequences to human, society and environment and last, in focus, lessons learned. All material is publicly shared. The compilations offer holistic perspectives and thorough analyses of historical natural hazards where LPHC (low probability high consequences) disasters usually comprise most data, since they often are met with surprise and highlights the failure to integrate resilience into normal societal planning. During the last 50 years, several LPHC events in Sweden has functioned as an alarm clock and entailed major changes and improvements in government policies or legislations, safety management systems, risk assessments, response training, stakeholder communication, etc. The gathered material is useful in educational activities and planning of society to foster a holistic approach towards disaster risk reduction and increased coping capacity. Building a knowledge database of historical disasters that have, or have not, contributed in building resilience in society, makes it possible to incorporate lessons learning into the memory of systems instead of leaving it in the memory of people

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008.
Keywords [en]
Lessons learning
National Category
Physical Geography
Research subject
Physical Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-17510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-17510DiVA, id: diva2:591118
Conference
International Disaster Risk Reduction Conference, Davos Schweiz
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2018-01-11

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http://www.intra.kau.se/dokument/upload/C105D8641618c21290PRr192DBA9/johansson_m_ext.doc

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Johansson, Magnus

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf