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Fuktsäkringsarbete i ett byggprojekt: – En undersökning om hur byggprocessens aktörer arbetar för att uppnå samhällskraven
Karlstad University, Division for Engineering Sciences, Physics and Mathematics.
Karlstad University, Division for Engineering Sciences, Physics and Mathematics.
Karlstad University, Division for Engineering Sciences, Physics and Mathematics.
2006 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
Securing humidity in a building project : -A Research about how the building process and its actors work to meet demands regarding the law. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Lagen säger att man inte får uppföra byggnader så att det riskerar människors hälsa. Trots detta uppförs byggnader så att ohälsa uppstår för de boende. Arbetet behandlar hur man i ett byggprojekt arbetar med fuktsäkring. Syftet är att undersöka hur man i projektet arbetar med att fuktsäkra byggnaderna. Målet är att lyfta fram var i processen det finns risker när det gäller fuktsäkring, och även ge förslag till förbättringar av arbetet med fuktsäkringen. En studie över lagar och förordningar har gjorts för att se vilka krav som ställs på en byggnad ur fuktsynpunkt samt hur branschregler tillämpas så att fuktproblem inte uppstår i byggnader. Intervjuer har gjorts för att se vilken roll byggnadsnämnden, entreprenören, konstruktören och leverantören har när det gäller att ställa krav på fuktsäkring. Arbetet är avgränsat till uppförandet av flerbostadshus i Karlstad där man bygger i egen regi. Resultatet visar att fuktskador riskerar att grundläggas i alla skeden i byggprocessen och att alla aktörer i projektet kan bidra till riskerna. Resultatet visar även att man är medvetna om fuktproblematiken och att större krav på dokumentation och erfarenhetsåterföring skulle minska riskerna för fuktskador. För att förbättra fuktskyddet skall man redan i programskedet upprätta en projektspecifik fuktskyddsbeskrivning gjord i samarbete med en fuktskyddssakkunnig. Man borde också informera/utbilda alla parter som riskerar bidra till fuktproblem i byggnader.

Abstract [en]

According to Swedish law you are not allowed to construct buildings in a way that may result in jeopardizing people’s health. Despite this fact buildings are constructed in such way that health problems accurse. This composition deals with a building-project and how its actors works regarding to humidity that effects buildings. The purpose of this essay is to look into how in a project one works with eliminating risks concerning humidity and also the level of demands that are made to secure the construction. The objective is to point out where in the building-process risks appears when it comes to securing humidity in buildings, but also to suggest how to make improvements. The method is based on a study of laws and ordinances that concerns humidity in buildings. The way the building line, and the knowledge within it, is used in a project to secure the building from humidity has also been studied. Interviews has been made to look into in what the role building department, entrepreneur, constructor and supplier has regarding to humidity in buildings. This essay is demarcated to multifamily buildings in Karlstad built in own-regime. The result shows that the risk of damage as a consequence of humidity is founded in all phases in the building-process and that all actors of the process are a part of the problem. The result also shows that actors in the project is well averred of the problem with humidity but that there is not enough demands on documentation and on how to work with experiences from earlier project. To work in a more efficient way one should draw up a description for the project regarding to the risk of humidity in the building. This description should be made in co-operation with someone who has the right knowledge concerning how to draw up a description, and that also makes the project safe from humidity point of view. The result also shows that it is necessary to educate all actors that risks contributing to the problem with humidity in buildings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
Humidity
Keywords [sv]
Fuktsäkring
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-176OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-176DiVA, id: diva2:5742
Presentation
2006-06-01
Uppsok
teknik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2006-06-13 Created: 2006-06-13

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Citation style
  • apa
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