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Påverkan av tillskott av död ved och reducerat evertebratnedfall på öringens (Salmo trutta L.) diet i en skogsbäck
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of a supplement of woody debris and reduced input of terrestrial invertebrates on the diet of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) in a forest stream (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det svenska skogsbruket har lett till minskade vedmängder i skogsbäckarna. Detta kan undvikas genom att orörda kantzoner lämnas. Kantzonsvegetatioen har även visats påverka nedfallet av terrestra evertebrater, vilket visats minska andelen terrestra evertebrater i laxfiskars diet. Ofta lämnas dock inga kantzoner. Vedmängden kan återställas genom ett vedtillskott. Ett vedtillskott leder till ökat antal och högre biomassa av laxfiskar och högre mängd bottenlevande evertebrater i de behandlade områdena. Nyligen nedsänkt ved koloniseras snabbt av evertebrater. I denna studie undersöktes effekterna av ett vedtillskott och reducerat evertebratnedfall på öringens (Salmo trutta) diet i ett fältexperiment i en skogsbäck, från juni till augusti 2007. Tillskottet av ved ledde till signifikant högre totalbiomassa i dieten i juli men inte i augusti Vedtillskottet ledde även till en lägre andel Dipteraadulter i dieten i juli. Reduktionen av evertebratnedfallet hade ingen påverkan på den totala andelen terrestra evertebrater i öringens diet. Reduktionen gav dock upphov till lägre Formicidae och Dipteraadult andel, i juli och lägre Formicidaebiomassa i dieten i juli. En kombination av ett vedtillskott och reducerat evertebratnedfall hade ingen påverkan på öringens diet. Slutsatserna var att den högre dietbiomassan vedtillskottet gav upphov till i juli, troligen berodde på en initial ökning i bytesförekomsten. Att andelen terrestra evertebrater i dieten inte minskade när evertebrat nedfallet reducerades berodde troligen på att reduktionen inte var tillräckligt stor för att ett dietskifte skulle ske. Frånvaron av signifikanta skillnader för behandlingen med både vedtillskott och reducerat nedfall berodde antagligen på att reduktionen i nedfallet motverkade effekten ett vedtillskott gav på dietbiomassan.

Abstract [en]

The Swedish forestry has caused a decrease in amounts of woody debris in the forest streams. This can be avoided by leaving an untouched riparian strip. A lack of riparian strip vegetation has also been shown to reduce the input of terrestrial invertebrates, which has been shown to reduce the proportion of terrestrial invertebrates in the diet of salmonides. In many cases such strips are not left. The amount of woody debris in a stream can be restored by a supplement of woody debris. That has been shown to lead to higher salmonide abundance and biomass and higher abundance of benthic invertebrates in the treated area. It has also been shown that newly submerged wood is rapidly colonised by invertebrates. In this study the effects of a supplement of woody debris and reduced input of terrestrial invertebrates on the diet of brown trout (Salmo trutta) was examined in a field experiment. The study took place with enclosures in a Swedish boreal stream, from June to August 2007. Introduction of woody debris caused a significantly higher diet biomass in July but not in August. The wood treatment also caused a decrease in the proportion of Diptera adults in the diet in July. The reduction of terrestrial invertebrate input didn’t affect the total proportion of terrestrial invertebrates in the trout diet. Nevertheless there was a significant decrease in the proportion and biomass of Formicidae and the proportion of Diptera adults in the diet in June. The combination of both treatments didn’t have any significant effect on the trout diet. The conclusions were that the higher diet biomass in July caused by woody debris addition, probably was due to an initial increase in the abundance of available aquatic invertebrates. The lack off effect from the reduced input of terrestrial invertebrate on the trout diet, was most likely due to the fact that the decrease in terrestrial invertebrate input probably wasn’t large enough to cause a dietary switch. The lack of effect of a combination of the two treatments indicated that the reduced input of terrestrial invertebrates cancelled out the effect of the added woody debris.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , p. 13
Keywords [en]
brown trout, Salmo trutta, diet, woody debris, invertebrate input, forest stream
Keywords [sv]
öring, Salmo trutta, diet, död ved, evertebratnedfall, skogsbäck
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-1414OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-1414DiVA, id: diva2:5292
Uppsok
bio-/geovetenskap
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-02-11 Created: 2008-02-11

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