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Exploring Cross-Cultural Differences in Self-Concept: A Meta-Analysis of SDQ
Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
Göteborg University.
2001 (English)In: Cross Cultural Studies, ISSN 1069-3971, Vol. 35, no 3, 280-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This meta-analytic approach, designed to explore the cross-cultural differences in levels of self-concept as measured by the Self-Description Questionnaire, yielded two main results. (a) There seems to be a general pattern in self-concept amongst schoolchildren from the three cultural groups included in this investigation (i.e., Asia, Africa, and Australia/United States). Girls have higher or equal means in most academic areas and boys are higher in nonacademic and total self-concept. Furthermore, (b) in the comparison between these cultural groups a pattern emerged whereby the children from Africa, generally, had the most positive self-concept, the children from Asia had the least positive self-concept in the nonacademic subareas, and the children from Australia/United States had the least positive self-concept in the academic subareas. Because these differences are difficult to explain solely with the concepts of individualism and collectivism, a tentative explanation incorporating the concept of optimism is suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 35, no 3, 280-302 p.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13285DOI: 10.1177/106939710103500302OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-13285DiVA: diva2:525466
Available from: 2012-05-08 Created: 2012-05-08 Last updated: 2013-08-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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