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Investigation of an optimal utilization of Ultra-wide band measurements for position purposes
Karlstad University, Division for Information Technology.
2006 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Ultra wideband (UWB) communication systems refers to systems whose bandwidth is many times greater than the “narrowband” systems (refers to a signal which occupies only small amount of space on the radio spectrum). UWB can be used for indoor, communications for high data rates, or very low data rates for substantial link distances because of the extremely large bandwidth, immune to multi-path fading, penetrations through concrete block or obstacles. UWB can also used for short distance ranging whose applications include asset location in a warehouse, position location for wireless sensor networks, and collision avoidance.

In order to verify analytical and simulation results with real-world measurements, the need for experimental UWB systems arises. The Institute of Communications Engineering [IANT] has developed a low-cost experimental UWB positioning system to test UWB based positioning concepts. The mobile devices use the avalanche effect of transistors for simple generation of bi-phase pulses and are TDMA multi-user capable. The receiver is implemented in software and employs coherent cross-correlation with peak detection to localize the mobile unit via Time-Difference-Of-Arrival (TDOA) algorithms. Since the power of a proposed UWB system’s signal spread over a very wide bandwidth, the frequencies allocated to multiple existing narrowband systems may interfere with UWB spectrum. The goal of the filters discussed in this project is to cancel or suppress the interference while not distort the desired signal. To investigate the interference, we develop a algorithm to calculate the interference tones. In this thesis, we assume the interference to be narrowband interference (NBI) modeled as sinusoidal tones with unknown amplitude, frequency and phase. If we known the interference tones then it may be removed using a simple notched filter. Herein, we chose an adaptive filter so that it can adjust the interference tone automatically and cancel. In this thesis I tested adaptive filter technique to cancel interference cancellation (ie) LMS algorithm and Adaptive Noise Cancellation (ANC) technique. In this thesis performance of the both filters are compared.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , p. 65
Keywords [en]
Ultra-wideband, interference cancellation, TDOA algorithm
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-122DiVA, id: diva2:5049
Uppsok
teknik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2006-04-10 Created: 2006-04-10

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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