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Psycho-utopianism and education: Comenius, Skinner, and beyond
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
2009 (English)In: World Futures: Journal of General Evolution, ISSN 0260-4027, Vol. 65, no 7, 507-526 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract

In the history of ideas some researchers have recently coined the term psychoutopianism,denoting the notion that the ideal society presupposes a new man, that is, the psychological nature of man must change before society can change. Cultural studies have noted this line of thinking also within the so-called New Age movement. However, the notion of a New Age is not really new; it occurred already at the beginning of theModern Epoch; in seventeenth-century Europe. At

that time, the educational philosopher J. A. Comenius was writing his canonical work Didactica Magna and other texts on education, science, and philosophy,

with the ultimate aim of contributing to a new world order. Comenius was one of the first modern educators to argue for a general education of both boys and girls

irrespective of social class. Three hundred years later, B. F. Skinner suggested psychological methods of education and upbringing, also with the ultimate aim

to transform society. In this article I will look closer at the similarities and differences between these two thinkers regarding their psycho-utopian notions. I will conclude with similar reflections on psycho-utopian tendencies in present discourses on information and communication technology (ICT) and education

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 65, no 7, 507-526 p.
Keyword [en]
Pedagogy, Other research relevant to Teachers Education
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11358OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-11358DiVA: diva2:494945
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved

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