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Sound and sensibility: Pre-service science teachers bridging phenomena and concepts
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract

This paper reports an empirical study of pre-service science teachers (PST) exploring the phenomenon of sound. The research design is based on a phenomenological approach to science education, starting from careful descriptions of phenomena as experienced before introducing scientific concepts. The purpose of the study is to explore how PST conceive the relation between on the one hand a phenomenon as experienced and described in everyday terms and on the other the scientific concepts explaining it. How do they experience a particular sound phenomenon, and how do they link these experiences with scientific concepts when planning a science lesson on sound? Data were generated by involving two classes of PST in listening and describing a sound, then planning and presenting a lesson based on a bridge between these descriptions and scientific concepts. The results show that the science end of such bridges established by the PST was wider in the sense of being quantitatively more prevalent in their planned lessons than that end of the bridge which rested in lifeworld experience. The majority of participants presented lesson plans based on an illustrative-deductive approach. A minority based their plans on a genetic-inductive approach; starting from experience and proceeding to scientific concepts. This was in spite of the fact that non-scientific, more or less imaginative associations were more prevalent in the experiential descriptions of the phenomenon. This conclusion points to the need for PST to develop courage to use their own and their students immediate perceptual experiences as raw material for building that end of the bridge which rests in the perceptual lifeworld of human experience

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11153OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-11153DiVA: diva2:494722
Conference
Presented at the ESERA conference in Istanbul, August 29 September 4, 2009
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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