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Stakeholder Cooperation for Employability and Employment
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
2009 (English)Conference paper, (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract

Stakeholder cooperation for employability and employment

Both private and public employers in health and social service (in Sweden) are finding it more and more difficult to recruit people. As a consequence of deregulation in the health and social sector public organisations are undergoing restructuring while private alternatives are established. This means that public employers have to find new ways to increase workers retention at the same time as new private companies must find ways to recruit employees. Due to restructuring in the public sector and periods of lay offs of nurses and support staff the average age of workers has increased which means that many workers are reaching the age of retirement. Demographic prognosis in Sweden show that there will be a shortage of workers in the health and care sector as younger people do not wish to work in health or social care they rather pursue other careers. Looking at the future the health and care sector will need to replenish the workers in one way or another. This paper will give an example how private companies and local authorities and municipal services can work together to develop new ways for recruitment, where training is combined with work practice as methods to develop employable workers.



Different initiatives have been tried out to find new ways to recruit people into training and work, by education agencies, by the ministry of education and through local initiatives. Government initiatives are mainly based on developing vocational training systems that can fast track people into care work, through systems of accreditation of previous experience. Education agencies provide tailor made courses in order to match previous experience with supplementary training. Still young people are not cueing up to take part in these training courses. However local and company-led initiatives are in a sense more successful, as training providers they have the opportunity to recruit workers with company or service specific skills (Randle et al. 2008).



The local initiative is led by a private company providing personal assistants to people with functional disorders. As a result of changes in regulations in 1994 the Swedish government allowed private companies to provide the service of personal assistants, up until then the service was provided by the municipalities. People with functional disorders cannot function on a daily basis without the help of others, and therefore they are entitled by Swedish law, to have assistants to help them with their basic functions. Initially when private companies started their business they employed people who were not members of trade unions as they did not accept unionised workers which resulted in the workers accepting bad working conditions and low wages. The company described in the paper wishes to change the image of the business by providing better working conditions for their employees and by educating their workers in collective agreements and employers responsibilities, thus the company employs about 150 personal assistants. Still a job as a personal assistant is regarded by many workers as a temporary and low status job which means that company has to put a lot of effort into retaining workers.



The company described in this paper is called Aktiv Assistans Tillsammans which translates to Active Assisstance together. The training initiative described in the paper is led by the company but developed together with the local municipality and the department of language training for immigrants. The idea is to develop employable workers in a specific area of work by providing a training programme for unemployed immigrants where they can link language training with work practice. The paper will present the training programme, results regarding employability, work status, language skills and integration

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad University, Karlstad Sverige, 2009.
Keyword [en]
language training, immigrants, employability, work life experience, recruitment, integration
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-11086DiVA: diva2:494652
Conference
The Third International Conference on Training, Employability and Employment (CTEE 09)
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved

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