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A comparison of the restorative effect of a natural environment with that of a simulated natural environment
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5668-0469
2010 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, Vol. 30, no 4, 464-472 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to compare the restorative effects of 30 minutes relaxation in a natural environment with an indoor simulation of the same natural environment. A repeated-measure design was carried out and 18 participants suffering from stress and/or burnout syndrome were counterbalanced into the two conditions. Both physiological measures and psychological instruments were applied. Further, qualitative descriptions of experiences were obtained. A phenomenological analysis of the qualitative data resulted in six categories for the natural environment: Intensified sensory perception; A feeling of harmony and union with nature; Well-being and quality of life; Renewed energy and awakening; Here-and-now thinking; and A sense of tranquillity, while for the simulated natural environment, there were five categories: Restlessness and anxiety; Lack of concentration; A sense of being cut off from natures sensory input; A longing to be in real nature; and Positive emotions. The natural environment yielded a significantly higher rating of degree of altered states of consciousness (ASC) and energy than the simulated natural environment. The results suggest that both environments facilitated stress reduction, with the natural environment additionally bringing increased energy and ASC, thus possibly enhancing and promoting restoration

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2010. Vol. 30, no 4, 464-472 p.
Keyword [en]
Restorative environments, altered states of consciousness, restoration, stress, energy
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11596DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.01.011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-11596DiVA: diva2:493190
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2015-11-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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