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A Deeper Understanding of a Complex Adsorption Behavior in a Common Chiral, Separation System
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1819-1709
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract

The adsorption equilibria of racemic methyl mandelate on a tris-(3,5-dimethylphenyl)carbamoyl cellulose chiral stationary phase (CSP) was investigated. This separation has previously been performed and analyzed on a methylcellulose tribenzoate coated CSP. In that case, both enantiomers could be described with a bi-Langmuir adsorption isotherm, convex upwards (type I). In our case, two fundamentally different properties were observed. First, the elution order was reversed. Furthermore, only the less retained enantiomer shows type I adsorption behavior, while the adsorption isotherm of the more retained compound contained an inflection point at low concentration.

To analyze these differences, adsorption isotherms were determined and further analyzed using Scatchard plots and adsorption energy distribution calculations. The less retained enantiomer was best described by Tóth adsorption isotherm while the second enantiomer was best described with a bi-Moreau adsorption isotherm. The Moreau model is an extension of the Langmuir model including non-ideal adsorbate-adsorbate interactions; here the unusual model provided an explanation to the non-ideal adsorption of the more retained enantiomer. Furthermore, the possibility of using the Moreau model as a local model for adsorption in AED calculations was evaluated by synthetically generated raw adsorption slope data. It was demonstrated that the AED accurately could predict the number of adsorption sites for the generated data. The adsorption behavior of both enantiomers was also studied at several different temperatures and it was found to be exothermic; in addition, the non-idealadsorbate-adsorbate interaction strength decreases with increasing temperature.

Stochastic analysis of the adsorption process could identify a single kinetic site for each enantiomer. The average amount of adsorption/desorption events increases and the sojourn time decreases with increasing temperature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-9570OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-9570DiVA: diva2:493068
Conference
HPLC 2011 in Budapest
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved

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