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Vart är EU:s asyl- och invandringspolitik på väg?: EN idealtypsanalys av EU-ländernas gemensamma asyl- och invandringspolitik
Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
2006 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
What is the direction of the asylum and immigration politics within the EU? : An ideal typ analysis of the common asylum and immigration politics of the countries in the European Union (English)
Abstract [en]

This essay is about the asylum and immigration politics within the EU. Due to the heavy criticism the EU has been exposed to from among others different kind of human rights organizations I have become interested to find out what kind of asylum and migration politics right now is being formed by the member states of the union. Thus the purpose is also to see if the EU is creating a policy within this area that intends to live up to the human rights obligations.

My overall research question is:

Which ideas characterize the asylum and immigration politics within the EU?

The theoretical perspectives of universalism and particularism are used as two analytical tools in order to understand the phenomenon I am investigating and to identify its characterizing ideas. In my essay universalism and particularism are used as opposite ideal types. For this purpose a model has been worked out. The model identifies the main characters of each perspective and is used to analyze the empirical data. The following publications from the EU are analyzed: The conclusion from the European Tampere Council 15 and 16 October 1999, a report from the Commission 2 June 2004, The Hague Programme 4 and 5 November 2004 and The Hague Action Plan 5 May 2005. Out of my theoretical framework and methodological approach three specific research questions have been formulated:

1. Which ideas characterize the asylum and immigration politics within the EU concerning “worldview”?

2. Which ideas characterize the asylum and immigration politics within the EU concerning “most important unit”?

3. Which ideas characterize the asylum and immigration politics within the EU concerning “governance”?

My conclusion is that the asylum and immigration politics within the EU is characterized by both universal and particularistic ideas. Concerning “worldview” the particularistic ideas are more relevant and the EU also seems to move in a particularistic direction as the union is putting much focus on control of humans and borders. Simultaneously with this development the aim of the EU is to strengthen the level of justice for non-citizens who legally reside on the union’s territory. Therefore the union in regards for this aspect moves in a universal direction. When it comes to “most important unit” ideas from both perspectives are identified. Sometimes it proved to be difficult to determine the primary unit, that is to say the society or the individual. Concerning “governance” the conclusion is that the asylum and immigration politics within the EU is characterized by universal ideas since the politics is bound by international human rights obligations. In any case this is true on a theoretical level and a level of ambition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , p. 43
Keywords [sv]
mänskliga rättigheter, EU, asyl, flyktingar, invandring
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-112DiVA, id: diva2:4905
Presentation
2006-03-23
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
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Examiners
Available from: 2006-04-03 Created: 2006-04-03 Last updated: 2018-01-12

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Citation style
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