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A comparison of the restorative effect of a natural environment with a simulated environment
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
2007 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The primary objective of this study was to explore differences in experienced state of stress and energy, altered state of consciousness, relaxation response, physiological stress, and mood between an actual and a simulated restorative environment. The hypothesis was that exposure to a natural environment facilitates a more complete restoration than exposure to environmental simulation. A repeated measure design was carried out, and 18 participants suffering from stress and/or burnout syndrome were counterbalanced into conditions. During exposure to each environment the participants described their emotional state on an open-ended question. A clustering analysis of the self-reported emotional state yielded a hierarchical model with the following two superior categories for the natural environment: Affinity to a pleasant environment and Restoration of resources, as well as the following superior category for the simulated environment: Relaxation in a sensory deprived environment. Furthermore, the environments restorative effects were studied through application of The Stress and Energy Instrument (SEstress and SEenergy), The Experienced Deviation from Normal state Instrument (EDN), The Profile of Mood State Instrument (POMS), and a self-reported present level of stress. Blood pressure and pulse were measured before and after exposure to each environment. The hypothesis was largely supported hence the environment substantially explained differences between restorative effects in relation to altered state of consciousness and levels of energy. However, no significant differences were found with respect to SEstress, POMS, and physiological measures. Implications for future research are discussed.

Key words: Restorative environments, ASC, relaxation response, experienced state of stress and energy, physiological stress.

Titel: En jämförelse av den restorativa effekten av en naturlig miljö med en simulerad miljö

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Restorative environments, ASC, Relaxation response, Experienced state of stress and energy, Physiological stress
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-1117OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-1117DiVA: diva2:4902
Subject / course
Psychology
Presentation
2007-08-22, 11:55
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2007-09-03 Created: 2007-09-03 Last updated: 2015-05-13

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf