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A life cycle perspective on environmental effects of customer focused packaging development
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology. (Miljö- och energisystem)
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology. (Miljö- och energisystem)
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. (CTF - Centrum för tjänsteforskning)
2008 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 16, no 7, 853-859 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores the possibilities of increasing customer satisfaction and reducing the environmental impact from food-packaging systems in alifecycleperspective using results from a study on consumers' demands on packaging based on Kano's Theory of Attractive Quality. It assesses the environmentaleffects of potential improvements in quality attributes. The results show that there are obvious potentials to increase customer satisfaction and at the same time decrease in the environmental impact of the food-packaging system, especially when the packaging design helps to decrease food losses. There were many connections between quality attributes and environmental impacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2008. Vol. 16, no 7, 853-859 p.
Keyword [en]
Lifecycle assessment; Packaging; Food losses; Customer demands
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7338DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2007.05.006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-7338DiVA: diva2:413566
Available from: 2011-05-26 Created: 2011-04-28 Last updated: 2013-05-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Food Packaging for Sustainable Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food Packaging for Sustainable Development
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Packaging has been on the environmental agenda for decades. It has been discussed and debated within the society mainly as an environmental problem. Production, distribution and consumption of food and drinks contribute significant to the environmental impact. However, consumers in the EU waste about 20% of the food they buy. The function of packaging in reducing the amount of food losses is an important but often neglected environmental issue.

This thesis focuses on the functions of packaging that can be used to preserve resources efficiently and reduce the environmental impact of the food-packaging system. The service perspective is used to increase knowledge about consumer interaction with packages. Fifteen packaging attributes, for example, ‘easy to empty’, ‘hygienic’ and ‘contain the right quantity’, were identified as influencing the amount of food losses at the consumer. The result showed that there are potentials to both increase consumer satisfaction and decrease the environmental impact of the food-packaging system, when new packaging design reduces food losses. A model was developed that calculates the balance of environmental impact between reduction of food losses, and more packaging material. The result showed that it can be environmentally motivated to increase the environmental impact of packaging, if the amount of food losses is reduced. This is especially true for food items with high environmental impact, e.g. meat and dairy products, and for food items that have a high share of loss, e.g. bread.

I have also explored to what extent packaging can influence food losses in households. The study showed that about 20% to 25% of household food waste was related to packaging. The households noted three packaging attributes as the main causes for food losses; ‘too big packaging’, ‘difficult to empty’ and ‘best-before-date’.

Finally there is a discussion of packaging research in the context of sustainability principles, and suggestions for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University, 2011. 52 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2011:27
Keyword
Packaging, sustainable development, service perspective, food losses, food waste, consumer interaction, life cycle assessment - LCA, consumer value
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7328 (URN)978-91-7063-360-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-06-17, 9C 204, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Paper IV was still a manuscript at the time of the thesis defense.

Available from: 2011-05-26 Created: 2011-04-21 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved

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