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Den kvalitativa forskningens förmåga att finna kulturs/religions påverkan på perception: Ett metodförsök inom ostrukturerad intervju och tematisk analys
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
2009 (Swedish)Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The ability of qualitative research to find cultural / religious influences on perception : A method attempt within unstructured interview and thematic analysis (English)
Abstract [en]

Cultural and religious differences have been related to conflict for as long as history has been documented. The basic idea has been that our understanding of our surroundings is something that is equal in all of us. In recent years this idea has been questioned and studies have been performed that indicate differences in our perception, linked to cultural differences. The purpose of the present study includes studying whether the method, unstructured interview, with subsequent thematic analysis, can be a tool to study whether these differences exist. Research on perception has a strong focus on experimental quantitative studies and a complementary qualitative research on the subject is needed. This resulted in the choice of method to test a qualitative approach. Two groups with different cultural and religious backgrounds have been the source of information. They have both been shown an identical picture which they, during the interview, were asked to interpret and discuss about. The result shows that no group misinterprets the picture itself, but both understand its purpose. Differences between the groups were in how they interpreted and described the background to the picture, what was the cause of the situation illustrated in the picture. How we choose to interpret an image can be linked to cognitive processes, such as the "top down" processes (Passer & Smith, 2008). These processes include diagrams, collected experience, which then forms the basis for automated subconscious thought and interpretation patterns (Lundh, 1998). The differences found between the groups can be linked to these processes. The conclusion drawn is that the study shows that a method with unstructured interview and subsequent thematic analysis can capture the perceptional differences. This leads to the conclusion that the method can be used to study the effects of religion and culture on our perception, in a larger and more comprehensive study.

One question we should ask ourselves is how it will be seen if future studies demonstrate differences in interpretation and thought patterns between cultural and religious groups. Will the results be used by people who are opposed to multi-cultural communities? This goes completely against the intention with the study, as it is based upon the idea that more knowledge on how different groups views their environment will give a better understanding and improved conditions for diverse communities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Perception, Culture, Religion, schemes, Method Attempt
Keyword [sv]
Perception, Kultur, Religion, Scheman, Metodförsök
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-4180OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-4180DiVA: diva2:222610
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok

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Available from: 2009-09-10 Created: 2009-06-09 Last updated: 2009-09-10Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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