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"Från himlen rakt ner i helvetet": Från uppbrott till rättsprocess vid mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
2009 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
"From heaven straight down to hell" : From break-up to legal proceedings in men's violence against women in intimate partner relationships (English)
Abstract [en]

Male violence against women in intimate partner relationships is a global public health problem and a serious crime, but remains largely underreported. The overall ain of this thesis was, by means of an interdisciplinary approach and from the perspectives of gender, public health and law, to gain a deeper understanding of the situation of abused women, by studying, on one hand, their leaving processes and, on the other, the consequences of the violence for their health. On the basis of this information, a further aim was to increase knowledge of the quality and effect of gender relations in the practical application of the law. The point of departure was that the different perspectives should not be consodered separately but should be seen in context. The thesis describes the prcess for abused women, from the violent relationship and the break-up, the health consequences caused by the violence to the practical application of the law.

The thesis consists of four studies (I-IV). An initial qualitative study (I) showed that the leaving process for abused women is fearful, complex and long-lasting. The analysis also revealed a gradual development of strong emotional bonds towards the men on the part of the women. Study II was a combination of qualitative in-depth interviews and quantitative measurements and confirmed former studies regarding the negative health consequences caused by the violence, in particular symptoms of complex PTSD. Study III, examining preliminary investiagtions concerning reported crimes of intimate partner violence, showed that there is still a lack of crminal justice for abused women even if the frequency of cases leading to prosecution was fairly high. In study IV court case records were examined by means of a qualitative method inspired by discourse analysis to determine whether gender is (re)constructed in court practice, and how the process works. The analysis of this particular sample indicated that the practical application of law is influenced by an old-fashioned and stereotypical view of violence, sexuality, men and women. the legal discourses retain and reproduce the gender order. The overall results of the separate studies reinforce the importance of gaining a broader understanding of men's violence against women in intimate partner relationships.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2009. , p. 110
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2009:23
Keywords [en]
intimate partner violence, IPV, leaving process; fear, traumatic bonding, post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, sense of coherence, SOC; victimology, criminal justice, prosecution, gender, discourse
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-3963ISBN: 978-91-7063-245-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-3963DiVA, id: diva2:211156
Public defence
2009-06-05, Geijersalen 12A 138, Karlstads universitet, 651 88, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-05-12 Created: 2009-04-08 Last updated: 2011-11-02Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Intimate partner violence and the leaving process: Inteviews with abused women.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intimate partner violence and the leaving process: Inteviews with abused women.
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 113-124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-3989 (URN)10.1080/17482620801945805 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-04-17 Created: 2009-04-17 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. "It is still so deep-seated, the fear": psychological stress reactions as consequences of intimate partner violence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"It is still so deep-seated, the fear": psychological stress reactions as consequences of intimate partner violence
2008 (English)In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 15, p. 219-228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-3992 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2850.2007.01215.x (DOI)
Available from: 2009-04-17 Created: 2009-04-17 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
3. Criminal Justice for Assulted Women in Sweden: Theory versus Practise
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Criminal Justice for Assulted Women in Sweden: Theory versus Practise
2012 (English)In: Review of European Studies, ISSN 1918-7173, E-ISSN 1918-7181, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 167-178Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines whether there is criminal justice for women in reported cases of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Sweden. A sample of 474 cases drawn from police records show that criminal justice for victims of IPV does not accord with the intentions of the law. Factors that were most likely to increase the probability of the crime report leading to prosecution were whether the suspect had been interrogated and whether the woman was cooperating. IPV crimes have been subject to public prosecution since 1982 in Sweden, which means that legal action can be taken without the women’s cooperation, but in most of the cases that still seems to be a requirement for pursuing prosecution and for taking other legal action, such as issuing contact prohibition orders or the provision of injured party counsel. There is a need for greater knowledge of the complexity of IPV, and a greater willingness to take serious measures against these serious crimes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canadian center of Science and education, 2012
Keywords
Intimate partner violence, IPV, Women, Criminal justice, Prosecution
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-3993 (URN)10.5539/res.v4n1p167 (DOI)
Note

Artikeln publicerades i avhandlingen, med titeln "Från himlen rakt ner i helvetet": Från uppbrott till rättsprocess vid mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer. I avhandlingen hade artikeln titeln: Criminal Justice for Assulted Women in Sweden - Theory versus Practise

Available from: 2009-04-17 Created: 2009-04-17 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
4. Gender in Swedish Courtroom in cases of Intimate Partner Violence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender in Swedish Courtroom in cases of Intimate Partner Violence
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-3994 (URN)
Available from: 2009-04-17 Created: 2009-04-17 Last updated: 2019-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Scheffer Lindgren, Maria

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