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The association of self-reported schoolwork pressure, family factors and self-efficacy with psychosomatic problems
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, FoU Välfärd Värmland.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3982-5969
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2986-2128
(English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between self-reported schoolwork pressure and family factors with psychosomatic problems, and to investigate possible moderators of these associations. We examined self-efficacy as a personal resource that may be directly associated with psychosomatic problems, as well as serve as a moderator between stress exposure and psychosomatic problems. Furthermore, we examined sex as a possible moderator. The data were collected in 2010 among 2,004 pupils, aged between 13 and 15 years, in all schools in the municipality of Karlstad, Sweden. Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that self-efficacy did not moderate the relationships between any of the school- and family-related factors and psychosomatic problems. However, self-efficacy had a direct effect on psychosomatic problems. Based on the results from the study, we concluded that health promoting and preventive work by the school health team should focus on strengthening pupils' self-efficacy and target schoolwork pressure. Special attention needs to be given to girls and adolescents living with a single parent or no parents.

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Routledge.
Keywords [en]
Psychosomatic problems, schoolwork pressure, family-related stress, self-efficacy, school social work
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-77250DOI: 10.1080/13691457.2020.1722944ISI: 000513980500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-77250DiVA, id: diva2:1414206
Available from: 2020-03-12 Created: 2020-03-12 Last updated: 2020-04-02Bibliographically approved

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Lönnfjord, VictoriaHagquist, Curt

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