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Self-rated health and associated factors among the oldest-old: results from a cross-sectional study in Sweden
Reg Vastmanland, Competence Ctr Hlth, Vasteras, Sweden..
Reg Varmland, Ctr Clin Res, Karlstad, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Karlstad, Sweden..
2020 (English)In: Archives of Public Health, ISSN 0778-7367, E-ISSN 2049-3258, Vol. 78, no 1, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Very few population-based studies have investigated self-rated health and related factors in the increasing age group 85 years or older. The aim of this study was to examine self-rated health and its association with living conditions, lifestyle factors, physical and mental health problems and functional ability among the oldest-old in the general population in Sweden. Methods The study is cross-sectional and based on 1360 persons, 85 years of age or older, who answered a survey questionnaire sent to a random population sample in 2012 (participation rate 47%). Multivariate logistic regression was used as the statistical method. Results The prevalence of good self-rated health was 39% in men and 30% in women. Physical inactivity, impaired physical mobility, pain, anxiety/depression and longstanding illness were independently associated with poorer than good self-rated health, while factors such as gender, age, educational level, cash margin, living alone, social support, smoking, alcohol use, obesity, accidents and impaired vision/hearing were not. Conclusions While a considerable part of the oldest-old assess their health as good, not being physically active and having common health problems such as pain and depression as well as impaired physical mobility are associated with poorer than good self-rated health. This should be considered when planning how to improve and maintain health in the growing population of persons 85 years and older.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC , 2020. Vol. 78, no 1, article id 6
Keywords [en]
Oldest-old, Health behaviour, Social factors, Self-rated health, Population studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-77098DOI: 10.1186/s13690-020-0389-2ISI: 000512622300002PubMedID: 32025299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-77098DiVA, id: diva2:1397178
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2020-02-27

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