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"Wow, den lyser!": En kvalitativ studie om barns tankar kring elektricitet.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“Wow, it lights up!” : A qualitative study of children's thoughts about electricity. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie syftar till att belysa hur förskolebarn tänker, förklarar och resonerar kring det fysikaliska fenomenet sluten krets. Vi har valt att använda oss utav observation som metodansats. Denna utfördes under en designad aktivitet där barnen fick utforska material som kunde bilda en sluten krets. I samband med observationen utfördes även samtal med pedagoger som blev ett komplement för att få en djupare förståelse för hur de arbetar med ämnet fysik i förskolans verksamhet. Resultatet i studien visar att barnen visar ett stort intresse och engagemang för aktiviteten och att de får en förståelse för den slutna kretsen. Det framkommer genom att  barnen uttrycker sig om detta på olika sätt beroende på deras ålder, vilket kan kopplas till Piagets stadieteorier. Aktiviteten har bidragit till att pedagogerna fått ett nytt perspektiv på ämnet fysik och det fysikaliska fenomenet sluten krets, samt hur man kan arbeta med detta. Pedagogerna fick under aktiviteten syn på hur barnen använder och förstår vetenskapliga begrepp och att det är viktigt att pedagogerna i framtiden benämner dessa i verksamheten för att ge barnen möjlighet att utveckla förståelse och begreppsbildning inom fysikämnet. 

Abstract [en]

This study aims to investigate how preschool children think, explain and reason about the physical phenomenon of a closed circuit. We chose to use observation as a method approach, which was performed during a designed activity where the children were allowed to explore materials that could form a closed circuit. In conjunction with the observation, conversations were also conducted with educators, which became a complement to gain a deeper understanding of how they work with the subject of physics in preschool. The results of the study show that the children show a great interest and commitment to the activity and that they gain an understanding of the closed circuit. This is shown by the fact that the children express this in different ways depending on their age, which can be connected to Piaget's stage theories. The activity has contributed to giving the educators a new perspective on the subject of physics and the physical phenomenon of a closed circuit, as well as how to work with it. During the activity, the educators gained an insight into how the children use and understand scientific concepts and that it is important that the educators in the future name them in the activities to give the children the opportunity to develop conceptual understanding in the field of physics. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. s. 55
National Category
Natural Sciences Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-77045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-77045DiVA, id: diva2:1396035
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-25 Created: 2020-02-25 Last updated: 2020-02-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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