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Is an oral health coaching programme a way to sustain oral health for elderly people in nursing homes: A feasibility study
Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. ADULT.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2148-5225
Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0877-4759
Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för naturvetenskap och biomedicin.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2786-707x
2020 (English)In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, p. 107-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

This study examines the feasibility of an oral health coaching programme involving practical support on individual level to staff in a nursing home in Sweden, aiming to improve oral health care‐related beliefs of nursing staff and the oral health of residents.

Methods

This intervention study consisted of three wards from one nursing home, and both staff (n = 48) and residents (n = 58) were invited. In the control ward, 9 staff and 16 residents participated; in test ward 1, 10 staff and 13 residents participated; and at test ward 2, 14 staff and 17 residents participated. An oral health coaching programme was performed 4 h/wk for 3 months. The staff completed the nursing Dental Coping Beliefs Scale at baseline and after 9 months. Oral health of the residents was assessed using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide and mucosal‐plaque score at baseline and after 3, 6 and 9 months.

Results

At baseline, 33 staff participated and 22 at 9 months follow‐up. For the residents, the figures were 48 and 32, respectively. After the intervention, the nursing DCBS revealed changes related to usage of fluoride, oral health support, gum disease and approximal cleaning. The most frequently reported oral health problems among the residents pertained to teeth and gums. The residents’ relatively high level of oral health was stable during the study period.

Conclusions

Despite limitations in the programme, an oral health coaching programme can support nursing staff in maintaining a high level of oral health in residents. The programme was shown feasible, although design improvements are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020. p. 107-115
Keywords [en]
intervention, mucosal‐plaque index, nursing Dental Coping Beliefs Scale, nursing staff, older people, oral hygiene, Revised Oral Assessment Guide
National Category
Dentistry
Research subject
Dental Hygiene
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-76981DOI: 10.1111/idh.12421ISI: 000495840800001PubMedID: 31618518Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074994937OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-76981DiVA, id: diva2:1395346
Available from: 2020-02-21 Created: 2020-02-21 Last updated: 2020-03-02Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, IsabelleTorgé, Cristina JoyLindmark, Ulrika

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