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Teachers' Views on Teaching Highly Able Pupils in a Heterogeneous Mathematics Classroom
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8449-130X
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aiming to bring teachers' perspectives to research, teachers' (N = 12) discussions are explored in the context of a professional development program on teaching highly able pupils (HAPs) mathematics. The findings show that the teachers perceive they have the competence to recognize HAPs, for example through continuous assessment. However, they express that collaboration with colleagues is necessary and that they would like their principals' acknowledgement for their competence. They connect and verbalize their practical expertise with theories of teaching HAPs and demonstrate several criteria for teaching that successfully meet pupils' learning needs in heterogeneous classrooms. Thus, they feel confident in how to orchestrate teaching that is inclusive of HAPs in heterogeneous mathematics classrooms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020. p. 1-19
Keywords [en]
Differentiated education, highly able pupils, positioning theory, teachers
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Mathematics didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-76944DOI: 10.1080/00313831.2020.1716065ISI: 000508807200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-76944DiVA, id: diva2:1395009
Note

Artikeln publicerad som manuskript i Mellroths (2018) doktorsavhandling: Harnessing teachers’ perspectives: Recognizing mathematically highly able pupils and orchestrating teaching for them in a diverse ability classroom

Available from: 2020-02-20 Created: 2020-02-20 Last updated: 2020-04-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Harnessing teachers’ perspectives: Recognizing mathematically highly able pupils and orchestrating teaching for them in a diverse ability classroom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Harnessing teachers’ perspectives: Recognizing mathematically highly able pupils and orchestrating teaching for them in a diverse ability classroom
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is a lack of research that explores teachers’ perspectives on teaching highly able pupils (HAPs) in the diverse ability classroom. Instead, pupils’ perspectives are common, such studies often concluding that teachers need more professional development or that they fail to support HAPs. Consequently, previous research does not support teachers in how to implement teaching that includes HAPs. This thesis aims to harness teachers’ perspectives of pedagogical possibilities that enable learning opportunities for mathematically highly able pupils (MHAPs). By comparing pupils’ (n=264) relative achievement on two different tests, traditional and non-traditional, the first part of this thesis explores teachers’ possibilities to recognize MHAPs. The results show that pupils who achieved highly on the non-traditional test, but not on the other, have higher problem-solving competence compared to pupils who achieved highly on the traditional test instead. The second part presents a teacher-initiated investigation of pupils’ perceptions of challenging mathematical tasks. The findings indicate that the developed tool can help teachers find suitable tasks for MHAPs. The final part uses positioning theory to analyze teachers’ (N=17) discussions and probe their perceptions on orchestrating teaching MHAPs. The findings show that the teachers have knowledge of how to recognize and support MHAPs. Specifically, the teachers express possibilities with challenging tasks and differentiated education to meet MHAPs’ learning needs. Furthermore, the teachers perceived fewer rights than duties to orchestrate teaching for MHAPs’, for example, to continuously asses them. The studies in this thesis support teachers to orchestrate teaching including MHAPs in the diverse ability classroom. Both practice and research can be guided by what the teachers in these studies perceived as possible to do to orchestrate such teaching. Thereby support is given to teachers, from teachers, through research.

Abstract [en]

This thesis harnesses teachers’ perspectives of pedagogical possibilities that enable learning opportunities for mathematically highly able pupils (MHAPs). Firstly, teachers’ possibilities to recognize MHAPs through assessment are explored. The results show that pupils with high problem-solving competence can achieve highly on a non-traditional test, whereas they do not on traditional tests. Secondly, a teacher-initiated investigation of pupils’ perceptions of challenging mathematical tasks is presented. The findings indicate that a developed tool can help teachers find suitable tasks for MHAPs. Finally, teachers’ (N=17) discussions are analysed and their perceptions on orchestrating teaching MHAPs are probed. The findings show that the teachers have knowledge of how to recognize and support MHAPs. Specifically, the teachers express possibilities with challenging tasks and differentiated education. Furthermore, the teachers perceived they have knowledge and competence to orchestrate teaching for MHAPs. The findings show that their knowledge is consistent with previous research on teaching highly able pupils (HAPs) to meet their learning needs. This thesis gives support, on orchestrating teaching that includes HAPs in learning, to teachers, from teachers, through research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018. p. 126
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2018:45
Keywords
High ability, Gifted education, Professional development, Mathematics, Differentiated education, Inclusive education, Teachers, Positioning theory
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69485 (URN)978-91-7063-882-4 (ISBN)978-91-7063-977-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-12-10, Nyquistsalen, 9C 203, Karlstad, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Artikel 4 publicerad som manuskript i avhandlingen, nu publicerad.

Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-10-05 Last updated: 2020-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Mellroth, Elisabet

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