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Nurse-led empowerment strategies for patients with hypertension: a questionnaire survey
Karolinska universitetet.
Karolinska universitetet.
Karolinska universitetet.
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2015 (English)In: International Nursing Review, ISSN 0020-8132, E-ISSN 1466-7657, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 187-195Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundHypertension is common and may lead to cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events and mortality. District nurses frequently encounter patients requiring blood pressure monitoring, lifestyle counsel and support. Empowerment as a method enables patients to both increase their control over their health and improve it.AimThis study aims to describe the effects of the counsel and support from district nurses to patients with hypertension.MethodsA randomized controlled intervention trial. Questionnaires were answered by patients with hypertension before and after the intervention comprising district nurses' counsel and support based upon empowerment. A specially developed card for blood pressure monitoring was also used.ResultsBlood pressure decreased in intervention and the control groups. The intervention group experienced significantly improved health, with better emotional and physical health, and reduced stress. Living habits did not change significantly in either group. Satisfaction with knowledge of hypertension increased significantly in both groups. The intervention group reported that their care was based upon their health needs.LimitationsConducting large multi-centre studies with long follow-ups is complicated and results sometimes have a tendency to decline with time. A shorter follow-up might have shown a greater difference between the groups.ConclusionNursing interventions through district nurses' counsel and support with empowerment improved patients' health. More research is needed to evaluate nursing interventions' effect on hypertension.Implications for nursing and health policyThis study highlighted that district nurses' counsel and support increased patients' health and decreased stress by focusing on empowerment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015. Vol. 62, no 2, p. 187-195
Keywords [en]
Communication; District Nursing; Empowerment; Health Service Management; Nurse-Patient; Nursing; Primary Care; Quantitative Methods; Randomized Control Trials; Research
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-76542DOI: 10.1111/inr.12174ISI: 000354819400009PubMedID: 25664779OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-76542DiVA, id: diva2:1389288
Available from: 2020-01-29 Created: 2020-01-29 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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