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Registered nurses' and older people's experiences of participation in nutritional care in nursing homes: a descriptive qualitative study
Högskolan i Malmö.
Borough Adm West, Malmö.
Högskolan i Malmö.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7934-6949
2018 (English)In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 17, article id 19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The evaluation and treatment of older people's nutritional care is generally viewed as a low priority by nurses. However, given that eating and drinking are fundamental human activities, the support and enhancement of an optimal nutritional status should be regarded as a vital part of nursing. Registered nurses must therefore be viewed as having an important role in assessing and evaluating the nutritional needs of older people as well as the ability to intervene in cases of malnutrition. This study aimed to illuminate the experience of participating in nutritional care from the perspectives of older people and registered nurses. A further aim is to illuminate the latter's experience of nutritional care per se. Methods: A qualitative, descriptive design was adopted. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews (n = 12) with eight registered nurses and four older persons (mean age 85.7 years) in a city in the southern part of Sweden. The subsequent analysis was conducted by content analysis. Result The analysis reflected three themes: 'participation in nutritional care equals information', 'nutritional care out of remit and competence' and 'nutritional care more than just choosing a flavour'. They were interpreted to illuminate the experience of participation in nutritional care from the perspective of older people and RNs, and the latter's experience of nutritional care in particular per se. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that a paternalistic attitude in care as well as asymmetry in the nurse-patient relationship are still common characteristics of modern clinical nursing practice for older people. Considering that participation should be central to nursing care, and despite the RN's awareness of the importance of involving the older persons in their nutritional care this was not reflected in reality. Strategies to involve older persons in their nutritional care in a nursing home context need to take into account that for this population participation might not always be experienced as an important part of nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2018. Vol. 17, article id 19
Keywords [en]
Care; Content analysis; Interviews; Malnutrition; Nursing interventions; Older people; Patient involvement; Registered nurse
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-76406DOI: 10.1186/s12912-018-0289-8ISI: 000432251500001PubMedID: 29760582OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-76406DiVA, id: diva2:1388902
Available from: 2020-01-28 Created: 2020-01-28 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved

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