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Assistant or substitute: Exploring the fit between national policy vision and local practice realities of assistant practitioner job descriptions
Manchester University.
York University.
York University.
Ulster University.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4916-6602
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2009 (English)In: Health Policy, ISSN 0168-8510, E-ISSN 1872-6054, Vol. 90, no 2-3, p. 286-295Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To understand the extent to which the assistant practitioner role is described as 'assistive' in formal job descriptions and analyse whether the term 'assistive' has been stretched to encompass more 'substitutive' or 'autonomous' characteristics. Methods: Sixteen AP job descriptions representing all clinical divisions across one UK acute NHS Hospital Trust were both macro- and micro-analysed for broad similarities and differences in line with Hammersley and Atkinson's analytical framework. The analysis specifically focused on how clinical tasks were related to clinical responsibility, from this the job descriptors were then indexed as belonging to one of five discrete categories. Results: Our analysis revealed the following categories: fully assistive (n = 1), supportive/assistive (n = 7), supportive/substitutive (n = 4), substitutive/autonomous (n = 3) and fully autonomous (n = 1). From this, a number of anomalies manifest in the form of divergent organisational expectations regarding the AP role. Conclusions: This study highlights a series of tensions extant between policy vision and implementation of the AP role in practice. Introduction of new healthcare roles requires compromise and negotiation, to shape and define what social space incumbents of these and existing roles will occupy. However the way in which new roles are defined will determine how they become embraced and embedded within future healthcare services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 90, no 2-3, p. 286-295
Keywords [en]
Assistant practitioner; Job descriptions; Role redesign; Role confusion; Social space; Role ambiguity
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-76436DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2008.10.011ISI: 000265998000022PubMedID: 19056142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-76436DiVA, id: diva2:1388139
Available from: 2020-01-23 Created: 2020-01-23 Last updated: 2020-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Borglin, Gunilla

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